Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Rat skeletal myoblasts, L6 and L8, have two major forms of phosphodiesterases, PDE II and PDE III. Only the former is activated by treatment with proteases. When the myoblasts are exposed to cAMP for 10-16 h, the activity of PDE III increases considerably. This increase is accompanied by a loss of activatability of PDE II by proteases. Leupeptin prevents the increase in the levels of PDE III suggesting that a protease in vivo may be responsible for the formation of PDE III from PDE II. Spontaneously or Rous sarcoma virus-transformed myoblasts, however, show altered regulation of the two forms of PDE. In the presence of cAMP in the medium, unlike the nontransformed cells, the levels of PDE III do not increase but the activity of PDE II rises. Simultaneously, PDE II becomes refractory to activation by proteases. The altered mode of PDE regulation in transformed cells is dominant in hybrids between normal and transformed myoblasts, which suggests that altered regulation is due to an “acquisition” of some new property by transformed cells.
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