Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Two forms of mouse complement component C6, with molecular weights (M rs) of 90 and 100 kilodaltons (kd), are present in the sera from certain inbred strains such as the CBA strain; other strains, such as the BALB/c and DBA/2 strains, have only the 90 kd C6A form. The present work was undertaken to determine whether the two M r forms were the products of genes coding at separate loci. We screened sera from mice from a number of inbred strains by isoelectric focusing and found one strain, AKR, exhibiting allotypic structural variations of C6 forms. To distinguish the various types, we designated the 90 kd types from CBA and AKR mice C6A1 and C6A2, respectively, and the corresponding 100 kd types C6B 1 and C6B2, respectively. Mice possessing only one M r form were all typed as C6A1. Results of breeding experiments strongly suggested that the two M r forms of C6 are coded for at two closely linked loci. Sera from a number of inbred strains were also screened for a complement C7 polymorphism by means of isoelectric focusing and functional overlay. C7 from all strains, excepting the AKR strain, produced identical C7 band patterns. AKR C7 produced a unique band pattern, and results of breeding experiments with AKR and BALB/c mice showed the C6 and C7 loci to be closely linked. In addition, we identified a regulatory gene for C6 production. The gene apparently requires androgen to facilitate C6 production in the majority of strains. In these strains C6 activity is virtually absent from female sera. However, we observed moderate levels of C6 activity in sera from IS/Cam females, indicating that, in this strain, male physiological androgen levels are not necessary for C6 production. IS/Cam possess one form of circulating C6 which appears identical with BALB/c C6A1, and therefore IS/Cam mice differ from AKR mice at both the C6 structural and regulatory loci. These two strains were thus suitable for use in breeding experiments to determine the manner of action of the regulatory gene. Results showed that it acted in a cis manner.
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