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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 4030-4041 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations of a linear freely jointed bead–rod polymer chain with excluded volume (EV) interaction have been performed under elongational flow with and without the use of fluctuating hydrodynamic interactions (HI). The dependence of the chain size, shape and intrinsic elongational viscosity on the elongational rate cursive-epsilon(overdot) are reported. A sharp coil–stretch transition is observed when cursive-epsilon(overdot) exceeds a critical value, cursive-epsilon(overdot)c. The inclusion of the HI leads to a shift in the coil–stretch transition to higher flow values. Chain deformation due to elongational flow is observed to first consist of the alignment of the chain with the direction of flow without significant chain extension followed by additional alignment of the bond vectors with the flow direction and chain extension as flow rate is increased further. The distribution function for the chain's radius of gyration becomes significantly broader within the transition region which implies an increase in fluctuations in the chain size in this region. The structure factors parallel and perpendicular to the flow direction illustrate different elongational rate dependencies. At high rates, the structure factor in the direction of the flow exhibits an oscillating dependence which corresponds to the theoretically predicted shape for a rigid-rod model. The mean squared orientation of each bond within the chain with respect to the flow direction as function of bond number is nearly parabolic in shape with the highest degree of orientation found within the chain's interior. The dependence of the critical elongational rate, cursive-epsilon(overdot)c, on the chain length, N, is observed to be cursive-epsilon(overdot)c∼N−1.96 when hydrodynamic interactions are not employed and cursive-epsilon(overdot)c∼N−1.55 when they are invoked. These scaling exponents agree well with those obtained in previous BD simulations of bead-FENE (i.e., finitely extensible nonlinear elastic) spring chains as well as with the theoretical predictions of cursive-epsilon(overdot)c∼N−2 and cursive-epsilon(overdot)c∼N−1.5 without and with hydrodynamic interactions based on the Rouse and Zimm models, respectively. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1018-5054
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: A tetrahedral lattice model for a polymer chain with three-unit kinetic elements was used to find the correlation functions which describe the local dynamics of unit vectors oriented in the longitudinal or transverse directions with respect to the chain. These unit vectors can represent the dynamics of the emitting oscillator of the marker. It is shown that the spectra for longitudinal and transverse components of the emitting oscillator differ greatly. It is also shown that at short relaxation times the anisotropy of local relaxation properties of a kinetic chain fragment may be described by an equivalent ellipsoid with an axes ratio of ca. 10.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Macromolecular Theory and Simulations 4 (1995), S. 1063-1084 
    ISSN: 1022-1344
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Results of computer simulations of polymer layers consisting of chains grafted by one end on an unpenetrable plane are presented. Characteristics of translational and rotational motion of different chain segments and correlation functions of chain radii were calculated both for single layers at different grafting densities s and for two interacting layers at different distances D between parallel grafting planes. Two values of grafting density were used in the latter case. The behavior of different correlation times as function of s and D and the interplay between the interpenetration of the brushes and rotational and translational motion are discussed. Both relaxation functions and mean square displacements are discussed in terms of stretched exponentials, and the behavior of the resulting “Kohlrausch exponents” γ is presented in detail.
    Additional Material: 20 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Macromolecular Theory and Simulations 4 (1995), S. 119-136 
    ISSN: 1022-1344
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: We present results of computer simulations by the method of Brownian dynamics of polymeric brushes attached to impenetrable planes. For testing both model and method we have used one polymer brush attached to a repulsive plane and compare some results with Monte Carlo results of Lai and Binder on the bond fluctuation model. We have also studied two polymeric brushes attached to two parallel planes at different distances between planes, and investigate the interplay between the interpenetration of the brushes and the configurational properties of the grafted chains.
    Additional Material: 19 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1022-1344
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: We present results of computer simulations of polymer brushes (layers of polymer chains attached at one end onto an impermeable planar surface) under shear deformation at constant shear rate. As the first stage of calculations the behavior of a single brush was studied. The monomer density profile, the distribution of the chain ends, the positions and orientations of different monomers along the chain were calculated. Dimensions of the polymer chains as functions of the shear rate were obtained for different grafting densities. An increase in the brush thickness over the grafting plane with an increase in the shear rate as predicted by the theory of Barrat was observed. However, the magnitude of the effect appears to be small. We explain this by finite extensibility of the grafted chains.
    Additional Material: 16 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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