Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary HLA genotype and HLA-linked marker data for 40 unrelated patients from central Italy and 2 unrelated patients from Sardinia with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OH-def) were analyzed. The results confirm that the HLA-linked 21-OH-def gene is associated with several different HLA determinants and complete HLA haplotypes, although the only determinant with significantly increased frequency was the complement C2 allele C2B. The HLA antigens B8 and DR3 were found in significantly decreased frequencies. The haplotype A3, Cw6, Bw47, BfF, DR7, which is exceptionally rare in the general population but which has been found in many other 21-OH-def patients from diverse geographical origins, was also found in one of the Italian patients. This and other HLA haplotype associations found among the Italian patients may represent mutations that have occurred on HLA haplotypes with genetic linkage disequilibrium or, alternatively, may represent mutations that have not yet had time to become randomly associated with different HLA complex determinants. The marked negative associations with B8 and DR3 could, however, result from an interaction between the gene products of the HLA complex and the 21-OH-def phenotype.
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