OGG1 (8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase) is the major DNA repair glycosylase removing the premutagenic DNA base modification 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) from the genome of mammalian cells. In addition, there is accumulating evidence that OGG1 and its substrate 8-oxoG might function in the regulation of certain genes, which could account for an attenuated immune response observed in Ogg1-/- mice in several settings. Indications for at least two different mechanisms have been obtained. Thus, OGG1 could either act as an ancillary transcription factor cooperating with the lysine-specific demethylase LSD1 or as an activator of small GTPases. Here, we analysed the activation by lipopolysaccaride (LPS) of primary splenocytes obtained from two different Ogg1-/- mouse strains. We found that the induction of TNF-alpha expression was reduced in splenocytes (in particular macrophages) of both Ogg1-/- strains. Notably, an inhibitor of LSD1, OG-L002, reduced the induction of TNF-alpha mRNA in splenocytes from wild-type mice to the level observed in splenocytes from Ogg1-/- mice and had no influence in the latter cells. In contrast, inhibitors of the MAP kinases p38 and JNK as well as the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine attenuated the LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha expression both in the absence and presence of OGG1. The free base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine had no influence on the TNF-alpha expression in the splenocytes. The data demonstrate that OGG1 plays a role in an LSD1-dependent pathway of LPS-induced macrophage activation in mice.
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Journal article published