Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary X-rays have proved exceptionally useful in the investigation of the structure of matter, especially since the discovery of X-ray diffraction in crystals. A survey is given of the development of research into crystal structures and stress is laid on the value of the international co-operation achieved in this field. The use of X-ray diffraction, at first restricted to the determination of crystal structures, has in the course of time been extended far beyond the limits of crystallography. Today diffraction methods offer a widely applicable means of scientific research and one particularly adapted to the technical testing of materials. Further important applications of X-rays in science and technology are provided by radiography and X-ray spectroscopy.
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