Key words Adult onset
np8291 A-to-G substitution
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 7 patients in four families with adult onset limb-girdle type mitochondrial myopathy to clarify their genetic background. The patients, 2 men and 5 women, showed common clinical features, characterized by isolated skeletal myopathy, high serum creatine kinase level, ragged-red fibers and cytochrome c oxidase-defective fibers. Analysis of muscle biopsy specimens indicated that cytochrome c oxidase activity was decreased relative to that of citrate synthase in 5 of the 7 patients. Southern blotting and direct sequence analyses showed an A-to-G homoplasmic transition at np8291 and intergenic COII/tRNA(Lys) 9bp deletion in all patients. This substitution was detected in only 2 of 600 control individuals including healthy subjects and patients with other neuromuscular disorders; these 2 individuals had diabetes mellitus and myotonic dystrophy, respectively. Consequently, the mtDNA transition at np8291 was a rare polymorphism. However, the 7 patients we studied had identical clinical, pathological, biochemical, and genetic features. Therefore, limb-girdle type mitochondrial myopathy with this rare polymorphism may form a subgroup of adult onset mitochondrial myopathy.
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