Normal and ovariectomized rats
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We performed dosing experiments to evaluate the bone mass increasing action of a novel, synthetic vitamin D derivative, 2β-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-1α, 25(OH)2D3 (ED-71), in normal and estrogen-deficient rats. The first experiment consisted of 31 Sprague-Dawley rats, 28 weeks of age. The second experiment consisted of 44 animals who were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated at the age of 12 weeks. ED-71 was given twice a week for the duration of 12 weeks. At the end of the experiments, serum chemistries were examined and lumbar vertebrae were assessed histomorphometrically. Serum alkaline-phosphatase levels tended to decrease by ED-71 administration in the first experiment and their elevated values after ovariectomy were also depressed by ED-71 in the second experiment. Serum osteocalcin levels, however, increased by the agent. In the first experiment, cancellous bone volume (BV/TV) increased dose dependently. Bone formation rates (BFR/BS) also increased. In the second experiment, BV/TV significantly decreased by ovariectomy and it increased in ED-71-treated groups, but not in 1α-(OH)D3-treated group. BFR/BS increased by ED-71. Activation frequency did not decreased by ED-71 in either experiment. These data clearly demonstrated that ED-71 administration was capable of increasing the bone mass by stimulating bone formation in normal and estrogen-deficient rats.
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