Nuclear magnetic resonance
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract We report on measurements of the7Li nuclear spin relaxation timeT 1 in solid lithium as a function of temperature (−170°C≦T≦+180°C) and Larmor frequency (450kHz≦v Li≦31.5 MHz). Using a relaxation model developed by Wolf and Cavelius and combining it with Seeger's diffusion formalism, the diffusion parameters for mono-and divacancy migration were evaluated by a least squares fit to the newly obtainedT 1 data as well as to previousT 1ϱ measurements. The result for the self-diffusion coefficientD SD is given byD SD=D 10·exp(−Q 1/RT)·[1+D 21·exp(−Q 21/RT)], withD 10=0.038 cm2s−1,Q 1=12.0 kcal mol−1,D 21=250,Q 21=4 kcal mol−1 andR=1.985·10−3 kcal mol−1 degree−1. Due to the flexibility of Seeger's formula, which contrasts with the standard Arrhenius interpretation of diffusion, discrepancies between earlier high- and low-frequency NMR investigations were eliminated. Furthermore, an excellent agreement with available results from tracer experiments was achieved by taking into account the theoretical predictions of the isotope effect and the vacancy correlation factor.
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