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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract A third xylanase (Xyn III) from Trichoderma reesei PC-3–7 was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatographies. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 32 kDa, and its isoelectric point was 9.1. The pH optimum of Xyn III was 6.0, similar to that of Xyn II, another basic xylanase of  T. reesei. The purified Xyn III showed high activity with birchwood xylan but no activity with cellulose and aryl glycoside. The hydrolysis of birchwood xylan by Xyn III produced mainly xylobiose, xylotriose and other xylooligosaccharides. The amino acid sequences of the N-terminus and internal peptides of Xyn III exhibited high homology with the family F xylanases, showing that they were distinct from those of Xyn I and Xyn II of  T. reesei, which belong to family G. These results reveal that Xyn III is a new specific endoxylanase, differing from Xyn I and Xyn II in  T. reesei. It is noteworthy that this novel xylanase was induced only by cellulosic substrates and l-sorbose but not by xylan and its derivarives. Furthermore,  T. reesei PC-3-7 produced Xyn III in quantity when grown on Avicel or lactose as a carbon source, while  T. reesei QM9414 produced little or no Xyn III.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The characteristics of regulation of the gene encoding the third xylanase (Xyn III) of a filamentous fungus, Trichoderma reesei PC-3–7, were studied by Northern blot analysis. A partial DNA sequence (185 bp) of the xyn3 gene was obtained by PCR amplification of genomic DNA of T. reesei PC-3–7 and sequenced. This xyn3 gene fragment was used as a probe for Southern and Northern blot analysis. The expression of the xyn3 gene was regulated at the transcriptional level. The xyn3 mRNA was expressed in mycelia of T. reesei PC-3–7 induced by Avicel, l-sorbose and sophorose, but not by xylose, xylooligosaccharides and birchwood xylan. Furthermore, it was observed that xyn3 was synchronously expressed with egl1 but not with xyn1 and xyn2 by l-sorbose, indicating that the xyn3 gene may be coordinately expressed with cellulase genes. By Southern blot analysis, the xyn3 gene was confirmed to exist as a single copy in both strains of T. reesei PC-3–7 and QM9414. However, no xyn3 mRNA appeared in the mycelia induced by any kind of inducers in T. reesei QM9414 even when total RNA was used in large excess, suggesting that the xyn3 gene in T. reesei QM9414 is in the dormant state and cannot be expressed. Therefore, T. reesei PC-3–7 may be a very useful strain for elucidating the induction mechanism of xylanase biosynthesis by cellulosic and xylanosic substrates, and also the regulatory correlation between cellulase and xylanase induction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Two kinds of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), estimated to be 1.9 and 1.7 kb in size, were detected in the plant pathogenic fungus, Fusarium solani f. sp. robiniae. Isometric virus-like particles (VLPs), 30 nm in diameter, were recovered from cell extracts as a discrete band when centrifuged through a CsCl density gradient. The dsRNA molecules extracted from VLP preparations were identical in electrophoretic mobility to the dsRNAs obtained directly from cells. SDS-PAGE analysis of the VLPs revealed a single polypeptide of 38 kDa. The dsRNAs obtained directly from cells. SDS-PAGE analysis of the asexual cycle).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Thermochimica Acta 75 (1984), S. 197-206 
    ISSN: 0040-6031
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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