Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Restitution of cerebral cortex concentrations of organic phosphates, glycolytic metabolites, citric acid cycle intermediates, associated amino acids, and ammonia, following a 30 min period of complete ischemia, was studied in rats anaesthetized with either 70% N2O or 150 mg·kg-1 of phenobar-bital.Following a 90 min period of recirculation the pattern of restitution was similar in the two groups. Thus, all animals showed recovery of phosphocreatine concentrations, restitution of the adenylate energy charge to about 99% of control, and disappearance of lactate accumulated during the ischemia. Analyses of glycolytic metabolites indicated inhibition of glycolysis at the phosphofructokinase step, possibly caused by accumulation of citrate. Measured citric acid cycle intermediates indicated extensive normalization of mitochondrial metabolism. Changes in amino acid concentrations consisted of a fall in glutamate concentration, a rise in aspartate/glutamate ratio, a fall in GABA concentration, and a rise in alanine concentration. However, ammonia concentration was close to normal, and the size of the amino acid pool did not change.It is concluded that although the results do not exclude damage to a small part of the neuronal population, they demonstrate that, irrespective of the type of anaesthesia used, the majority of brain cells must have survived 30 min of complete ischemia without signs of irreversible metabolic damage.
Type of Medium: