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  • 1
    ISSN: 1433-9285
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the course of psychiatric illness in primary care patients. A 12-month follow-up study was conducted using a subsample of 93 patients, assessed by interviewing with the aid of the Present State Examination (PSE), from an original cohort of 388 primary care patients in a Swedish health district. The relationships of the course of illness to psychosocial stress, perceived health, utilization of care and health insurance, and patient satisfaction with primary health care services were investigated. The results showed that at index contact. 32.1 % of the follow-up sample were psychiatric cases in need of treatment according to the screening procedure with the Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL-25). The continuing cases constituted 19 % of the total follow-up sample, remitting cases, 13.1 %, new cases, 4.8 % and non-cases, 63.1 %. Continuing cases had a significantly higher utilization of ambulant care during follow-up. They also had 3 times more days of sick-leave. Poor perceived health at index contact, measured using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), predicted that the patient became a continuing case during follow-up. Continuing cases, to a greater extent, showed psychosocial stress concerning unemployment, private economy and loneliness/social isolation. Continuing cases also showed a lower satisfaction with primary health care services in all areas measured.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Head injury ; barbiturate therapy ; outcome ; cognitive impairment
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary This study reports on clinical outcome in 38 patients with severe head injuries (posttraumatic coma for 6 hours or more) treated with barbiturate coma because of intracranial hypertension. Eighteen patients died, 4 patients remained in a severely disabled or a chronic vegetative state, and 16 patients reached the levels good recovery/ moderate disability. Six of these patients returned to work or school full time, 4 for half time and 3 were in a rehabilitation program. Fourteen patients were subjected to a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. All patients except one exhibited varying degrees of cognitive dysfunction and 6 patients had signs of personality change. The quality of life for the majority of surviving patients was relatively good but the positive effects of barbiturate coma therapy in the age groups over 40 years appeared to be limited.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Bone mineral density — Head — Physical activity — Muscle strength — Body constitution.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship among bone mineral density (BMD), physical activity, muscle strength, and body constitution, in young men with a low or moderate level of physical exercise. Another aim was to investigate whether the head is unaffected by physical activity. The subjects consisted of 33 Caucasian healthy men, mean age 24.8 ± 2.3 years. BMDs of the total body, lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck, Ward's triangle and trochanter, humerus, and head were measured using dual-energy-X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Bivariate correlations were measured among the different BMD sites and age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass, lean body mass, amount of physical activity (hours/week), hamstrings strength, and quadriceps strength. Significant predictors were found for all BMD sites except the head. Using all these variables, only 6% of the variation in BMD of the head could be explained, whereas 46% (total body), 31% (humerus), 17% (lumbar spine), 38% (femoral neck, Ward's), and 41% could be explained for the trochanter. Physical activity and muscle strength were found to be independent significant predictors of BMD of the total body and the sites at the proximal femur. These results suggest that at the time of peak bone mass attainment, physical activity is an important predictor of the clinically relevant proximal femur in young men with a low or moderate level of physical activity. Furthermore, since head BMD was not related to the level of physical activity, we suggest that head BMD may be used as an internal standard, to control for selection bias, in studies investigating the effect of physical activity on bone mass.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1433-9285
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A sample of 388 primary care patients in a Swedish health district were screened for psychiatric illness using the Hopkins Sympton Check List HSCL-25. General practitioner (GP) ratings of psychiatric illness and patient ratings of psychosocial problems were also included. Data concerning the patients' utilization of care and health insurance were recorded. According to the HSCL-25, 30.2% of the patients were probable psychiatric cases and 19.2% were psychiatric cases in need of treatment. According to GPs' independent ratings, 12.3% of the patients suffered from psychiatric illness requiring treatment. Psychiatric cases according to HSCL-25 were more often women, divorced, unemployed and living alone. During the year preceding index contact, psychiatric cases showed a higher utilization of primary care, as well as other somatic care. They also had more sick leave. Psychiatric cases perceived higher levels of psychosocial problems in areas of unemployment, work situation, private economy, child care and social isolation. The results of the study point to the interaction of psychological impairment, environmental stress and lack of social support in producing psychiatric illness.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1433-9285
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 (HSCL-25) is a screening instrument designed to identify common psychiatric symptoms. It has been widely used in different settings outside Sweden and also compared to assessments of psychiatric illness made by general practitioners. The aim of the present study was to validate the HSCL-25 against a psychiatric interview using the Present State Examination (PSE-9) in a Swedish sample of patients in general practice. Validity coefficients of the HSCL-25 were calculated for two different thresholds of caseness, ≥1.55 and ≥1/75, respectively. When ≥1.75 was chosen as a cutoff point, the validity coefficients obtained by the HSCL-25 in this study were comparable to those obtained in other studies.
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