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  • 1
    Keywords: CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; SYSTEM ; DISTINCT ; PROTEIN ; EPITHELIA ; MOLECULES ; TISSUE ; TISSUES ; SKIN ; GLYCOPROTEIN ; ELEMENTS ; SURFACE ; LOCALIZATION ; GLANDS ; SEGMENTS ; calnexin ; ESTABLISHMENT ; MUCINS ; salivary gland ; sebaceous gland ; SEBACEOUS GLANDS
    Abstract: Calnexin (Cnx) has been characterized as a membrane-bound protein that transiently interacts in a unique chaperone system with newly synthesized glycoproteins in order to allow the establishment of their proper tertiary and, in most cases, quarternary structures. The aim of the study was to identify and to locate the expression of Cnx in the three major salivary glands of humans by different methods. Strong expression of Cnx protein and mRNA were generally found in serous salivary secretory units. With regard to mucous secretory units, expression of Cnx was only detectable at a low level in mucous acinar cells of sublingual glands, but not of submandibular glands. Expression of Cnx was always preserved in the surface epithelium of intralobar and interlobular duct segments. In addition, expression of Cnx was detected in sebaceous glands of parotid tissues, with a distribution pattern resembling that seen in sebaceous glands of the normal skin. In conclusion, production of saliva is associated with the expression of Cnx. Synthesis of molecules in mucous secretory units is not necessarily associated with a strong Cnx expression, whereas synthesis in serous secretory units apparently is. The tissue- specific Cnx expression is also paralleled by the observation that the secretions produced by the major salivary glands differ in their composition and amount
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12507291
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  • 2
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; MICE ; INFECTION ; EPITHELIAL-CELL LINE ; HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME ; COMPLEMENT ; OUTBREAK ; ENTEROHEMORRHAGIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI ; TOXIN-ASSOCIATED HUS ; ECULIZUMAB
    Abstract: The pathogenesis and therapy of Shigatoxin 2 (Stx2)-mediated kidney failure remain controversial. Our aim was to test whether, during an infection with Stx2-producing E. coli (STEC), Stx2 exerts direct effects on renal tubular epithelium and thereby possibly contributes to acute renal failure. Mice represent a suitable model because they, like humans, express the Stx2-receptor Gb3 in the tubular epithelium but, in contrast to humans, not in glomerular endothelia, and are thus free of glomerular thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). In wild-type mice, Stx2 caused acute tubular dysfunction with consequent electrolyte disturbance, which was most likely the cause of death. Tubule-specific depletion of Gb3 protected the mice from acute renal failure. In vitro, Stx2 induced secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and apoptosis in human tubular epithelial cells, thus implicating a direct effect of Stx2 on the tubular epithelium. To correlate these results to human disease, kidney biopsies and outcome were analysed in patients with Stx2-associated kidney failure (n = 11, aged 22-44 years). The majority of kidney biopsies showed different stages of an ongoing TMA; however, no glomerular complement activation could be demonstrated. All biopsies, including those without TMA, showed severe acute tubular damage. Due to these findings, patients were treated with supportive therapy without complement-inhibiting antibodies (eculizumab) or immunoadsorption. Despite the severity of the initial disease [creatinine 6.34 (1.31-17.60) mg/dl, lactate dehydrogenase 1944 (753-2792) U/l, platelets 33 (19-124)/nl and haemoglobin 6.2 (5.2-7.8) g/dl; median (range)], all patients were discharged after 33 (range 19-43) days with no neurological symptoms and no dialysis requirement [creatinine 1.39 (range 0.84-2.86) mg/dl]. The creatinine decreased further to 0.90 (range 0.66-1.27) mg/dl after 24 months. Based on these data, one may surmise that acute tubular damage represents a separate pathophysiological mechanism, importantly contributing to Stx2-mediated acute kidney failure. Specifically in young adults, an excellent outcome can be achieved by supportive therapy only. (c) 2014 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24909663
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  • 3
    Keywords: CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; tumor ; TUMOR-CELLS ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; PROTEIN ; transcription ; METABOLISM ; EPITHELIA ; MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY ; TISSUE ; TUMORS ; TISSUES ; SEQUENCE ; ACID ; ACIDS ; antibodies ; antibody ; ADENOMAS ; SURFACE ; MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; fatty acids ; FATTY-ACIDS ; adenocarcinoma ; ADENOCARCINOMAS ; carcinoma,epithelial tumors,fatty acid metabolism,small intestine ; CHAIN ACYL-COA ; DEPENDENT REGULATION ; fatty acid metabolism ; SMALL-INTESTINE
    Abstract: Fatty acids are implicated in tumorigenesis, but data are limited concerning endogenous fatty acid metabolism of tumor cells in adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the small intestine. The recently cloned human acyl-CoA-synthetase 5 (ACS5) is predominantly found in the small intestine and represents a key enzyme in providing cytosolic acyl-CoA thioesters. Protein synthesis and mRNA expression of ACS5 were studied in human intestinal tissues using different methods, including a newly established monoclonal antibody. In the healthy small intestine, expression of ACS5 was restricted to the villus surface epithelium but was not detectable in enterocytes lining crypts. ACS5 protein and mRNA were progressively diminished in epithelial cells of adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the small intestine. In conclusion, altered expression of ACS5 is probably related to the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of small intestinal epithelial tumors due to an impaired acyl-CoA thioester synthesis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14608540
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  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; CANCER CELLS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; SURVIVAL ; carcinoma ; CELL ; Germany ; INHIBITION ; microarray ; PROTEIN ; SAMPLES ; LINES ; PATIENT ; CELL-LINES ; PROGRESSION ; METASTASIS ; COLORECTAL-CANCER ; CANCER-CELLS ; ADHESION ; MIGRATION ; OVEREXPRESSION ; cell lines ; PATIENT SURVIVAL ; renal cancer ; development ; PROGNOSTIC MARKER ; ADAM10 ; CXCL16 ; DISINTEGRIN ; TIMES ; CXCR6 ; Renal cancer tissue ; SECRETASES ; TRANSMEMBRANE CHEMOKINE CXCL16
    Abstract: The aim of our study was to analyse the expression of CXCL16, ADAM10 and CXCR6 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue and to correlate the expression pattern with clinicopathologic data, including patient survival. Furthermore, we investigated CXCL16, ADAM10 and CXCR6 expressions by FACS, immunofluorescence and ELISA analysis in renal carcinoma cell lines. Our immunohistochemical analysis on tissue microarray of renal cancer samples of 104 patients revealed that ADAM10 correlated significantly with tumour stage, pathological nodal status, M status and lymphangiosis carcinomatosa. CXCL16, CXCR6 and ADAM10 were significantly increased in papillary carcinomas. Importantly, high levels of CXCL16 expression in renal cancer tissue correlated with better survival of patients, and CXCL16 correlated inversely to the tumour stage. in addition, inhibition of CXCL16 induced the migration of renal cancer cells assuming an anti-migratory function of transmembrane CXCL16. Taken together, our data demonstrate that downregulation of CXCL16 plays an important role in renal cancer development and progression, and that CXCL16 in RCC is an independent prognostic marker for better patient survival. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19070478
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  Hypertonie 2005; 29. Wissenschaftlicher Kongress der Deutschen Hochdruckliga; 20051123-20051125; Berlin; DOC05hochP121 /20060808/
    Publication Date: 2006-08-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aim:  Fatty acid metabolism of the endometrium is important for tissue homeostasis in the proliferative and secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. The enzyme acyl-CoA synthetase 5 (ACS5) plays a crucial role in fatty acid metabolism, mainly through the generation of multifunctional long-chain-fatty-acid-CoA esters. The aim of the present study was to characterize expression and localization of ACS5 in the normal human endometrium and in endometrioid adenocarcinomas.Methods and results:  Expression of ACS5 in the human endometrium was investigated by in situ techniques (immunohistochemistry, mRNA in situ hybridization) and a molecular approach (reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot). ACS5 protein and mRNA were localized to the epithelium of the human endometrium. Here, ACS5 expression was found throughout the menstrual cylce as well as in the postmenopausal endometrium. Notably, in endometrioid adenocarcinomas, the ACS5 molecule was found abundantly in well-differentiated tumours, but not in poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas.Conclusions:  The abundance of ACS5 in the endometrial epithelium throughout the menstrual cycle provides support for its role in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. With regard to its value for histopathological diagnosis, immunohistochemical characterization of endometrioid adenocarcinomas shows that a decrease in ACS5 expression correlates with tumour dedifferentiation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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