malignant germ-cell tumors
autologous stem-cell transplantation
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Nongerminomatous germ-cell tumor (NGGCT) in the central nervous system (CNS) is still highly lethal. The present study evaluated the outcome of high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem-cell rescue (ASCR). The patients included three cases of choriocarcinoma, two cases of embryonal carcinoma and one case of yolk sac carcinoma. High-dose cisplatin (200 mg/m2), etoposide (1250 mg/m2) and ACNU (150 mg/m2) were administrated in combination with ASCR to patients at complete remission as a result of surgical removal, irradiation, and from four to seven courses of induction chemotherapy. All the patients treated with this therapy were alive from one to seven years after the diagnosis, living with good performance status. The patients have not required any additional treatments after ASCR. The myelosuppression period, characterized by fewer than 500/µl peripheral neutrophils, ranged from 8 to 15 days (median, 11.5 days). Within seven days of ASCR, high fever was found in four patients. Although mild liver dysfunction was found in all patients, renal dysfunction was not observed. Hearing disturbance was found in 50% of the patients. This treatment regime will improve long-term survival for patients with NGGCT.
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