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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Yeast 14 (1998), S. 895-903 
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Pichia pastoris ; pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ; chromosome-length polymorphisms ; gene stability ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We have clearly resolved four chromosomal bands from four Pichia pastoris (Komagataella pastoris) strains by using contour-clamped homogeneous electric field gel electrophoresis. The size of the P. pastoris chromosomal bands ranged from 1·7 Mb to 3·5 Mb and total genome size was estimated to be 9·5 Mb to 9·8 Mb; however, chromosome-length polymorphisms existed among four strains. Thirteen cloned genes isolated from strain GTS115 were assigned to the separated chromosomes, revealing that different hybridization patterns were observed in the AOX2 and URA3 genes among strains. P. pastoris is frequently used as an efficient host for heterologous gene expressions. We analysed chromosomal stability of strain GTS115-derived recombinant cell expressing human serum albumin during serial cultivation under the condition of vegetative and non-selective growth. No chromosomal rearrangements were observed and the expression constructs integrated into the his4 locus on chromosome I were very stable even at 83 generations, suggesting that stable expression would be carried out even in large-scale fermentation. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Pichia pastoris ; carboxypeptidase Y ; PRC1 ; Life Sciences ; Life Sciences (general)
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We purified a 58 kDa serine protease from culture-supernatant of Pichia pastoris and found that the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of this protease is closely homologous to that of mature protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae carboxypeptidase Y (CPY), which is encoded by the PRC1 gene. Using the S. cerevisiae PRC1 gene as a hybridization probe, a cross-hybridizing fragment of P. pastoris genomic DNA was identified and the gene, PRC1, encoding CPY, was cloned. The open reading frame of the P. pastoris PRC1 gene consists of 1569 bp encoding a protein of 523 amino acids. The molecular mass of the protein is calculated to be 59·44 kDa without sugar chains. The protein comprises 20 amino acids of pre (signal)-peptide, 87 amino acids of pro-peptide and 416 amino acids of mature peptide, and has four N-glycosylation sites. The NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of mature peptide is completely identical with that of the protease purified from the culture-supernatant. There is 61% identity between the amino acid sequences of P. pastoris Prc1p and S. cerevisiae Prc1p. Chromosomal disruption of the PRC1 gene resulted in the loss of CPY activity. Over-expression of the PRC1 gene under regulation of the P. pastoris AOX1 promoter resulted in accumulation of a large amount of active CPY in the intracellular fraction, and secretion of a slightly larger molecule that is thought to be pro-CPY. The nucleotide sequence data reported in this paper will appear in the EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Databases under the Accession Number X87987.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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