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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Resumen La adrenalina (0.1 a 0.5 mg/rana) hiperpolarizó los hepatocitos deR. pipiens y depolarizó a dosis mas altas. El inhibidor de la monoamino oxidasa pargilina (100 mg/kg, 24–48 h antes) impidió este efecto.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1939
    Keywords: Mistletoes ; Mangrove trees ; Gas exchange ; Water relations ; Carbon isotope ratios
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The gas exchange and water relations of the hemiparasite Pthirusa maritima and two its mangrove host species, Conocarpus erectus and Coccoloba uvifera, were studied in an intertidal zone of the Venezuelan coast. Carbon uptake and transpiration, leaf osmotic and total water potential, as well as nutrient content in the xylem sap and leaves of mistletoes and hosts were followed through the dry and wet season. In addition, carbon isotope ratios of leaf tissue were measured to further evaluate water use efficiency. Under similar light and humidity conditions, mistletoes had higher transpiration rates, lower leaf water potentials, and lower water use efficiencies than their hosts. Potassium content was much higher in mistletoes than in host leaves, but mineral nutrient content in the xylem sap of mistletoes was relatively low. The resistance of the liquid pathway from the soil to the leaf surface of mistletoes was larger than the total liquid flow resistance of host plants. Differences in the daily cycles of osmotic potential of the xylem sap also indicate the existence of a high resistance pathway along the vascular connection between the parasite pathway along the vascular connection between the parasite and its host. P. maritima mistletoes adjust to the different physiological characteristics of the host species which it parasitizes, thus ensuring an adequate water and carbon balance.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-3040
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract. The effect of a mistletoe, Phthirusa maritima, on the water, nitrogen and carbon balance of two mangrove host species, Conocarpus erectus and Coccoloba uvifera, was studied. Several daily cycles of water potential and its components (pressure-volume curves); leaf nitrogen content (Kjeldahl method); leaf conductance, transpiration rates and carbon assimilation (portable gas exchange system) were measured on mistletoe, infested and uninfested plants in the Caribbean coast of Venezuela. The mistletoe on both host species showed higher transpiration rates and lower CO2 assimilation rates, and therefore lower water use efficiencies. With respect to infested and uninfested plants, C. erectus did not show large differences in the parameters measured with the exception of assimilation rates which were significantly lower in the infested plants. On the other hand, C. uvifera did show differences in all parameters and, therefore, was affected to a greater degree by the mistletoe. The behaviour of mistletoeinfested and uninfested plants, with respect to habitats with different degrees of water stress and with respect to the salinity gradient in which these mangroves grow, is discussed.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 3978-3981 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We explore the electrical characteristics of disordered films of strongly coupled, molecularly-linked gold nanoparticles (NPs). dc conductivity vs temperature (g vs T) measurements exhibit features that can track a number of competing transport mechanisms. Films with fewer than 6 layers show clear signatures of both activated tunneling and thermionic emission. Our linked NPs admit locally metallic transport, likely through strong quantum interactions, and at room temperature, films with 6 or more layers exhibit a transition to metallic dominated behavior. Observed g vs T dependencies have been modeled treating arrays as disordered resistor networks and using an effective medium approximation (EMA). Our results show that percolation phenomena can play critical roles in transport through NP films, particularly near metal–insulator transitions. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Epitaxial thin films of ordered double-perovskite Sr2FeMoO6−y are deposited on (001) SrTiO3 substrates by pulsed-laser deposition using a two step growth process. Selection of growth conditions is found to lead to either highly conductive metallic thin films (residual resistivity of about 1 μΩ cm) or semiconducting films. The metallic films show a positive magnetoresistance (MR) as high as 35%, while the semiconducting films show a negative MR of −3%, at a temperature of 5 K and a field of 8 T. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 68 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : Antimicrobial activity of salsa mexicana against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied. The pressed salsa juice suppressed completely the growth of E. coli, B. subtilis, and S. aureus. K. pneumoniae and B. cereus were suppressed partly but Saccharomyces cerevisiae was not suppressed at all by the juice. Three types of microbicidal or microbiostatic components have been found: (1) H+, (2) volatile compounds, and (3) non-ionized carboxylic acids or analogous compounds. It is proposed that the supplementation of stink bugs in the salsa seen widely in the south of Mexico is used to intensify the herbal odor of the salsa.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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