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  • 1
    ISSN: 0930-7516
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A random packing hydrodynamic simulator is designed specially to carry out experiments under reduced pressures with a counter-current flow air/water system. The simulator results (air/water system) compared to those obtained in a real packed distillation column (benzylchloride/ ethylbenzene system) show a good agreement between hydrodynamic parameters like pressure drop, flooding flow rate, and total liquid hold-up. Empirical relationships derived from the simulator experimental results are proposed allowing the calculation of the pressure drop in a packed distillation column, operating in the pressure range between 10 kPa and atmospheric pressure. The influence of reduced pressure on the HETP in the distillation column and interfacial area in the simulator was also investigated.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0930-7516
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Two devices were developed, mechanical and electrical, to measure the mechanical power relative to superficial gas velocity and stirring speed in a mechanically agitated reactor. Two bubble regimes were demonstrated. The study of gas holdup, obtained from the residence time distribution, and the bubble size, determined by interfacial area measurement, confirm these two regimes of flow. Our results show that the gas holdup, the interfacial area, and the liquid-side mass transfer coefficient are increasing functions of the energy dissipated in the solution.
    Additional Material: 15 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0930-7516
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: We developed the oxidation reaction of Cu(I) ion in aqueous hydrochloric solution by oxygen in a gas-lift capillary bubble column. The method of gas-liquid absorption with chemical reaction was used. Test data confirmed that the rate constant of the reaction is strongly affected by solution compositions, and that chloride ions induce an inhibition effect. The kinetical orders found are equal to 1 and 2 for oxygen and Cu(I) respectively. The influence of temperature on reaction rate constant showed the existence of a maximum value between 303 and 313K. The effect of gas-liquid of gas-liquid system on the liquid-side mass transfer coefficient kL was also investigated.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0930-7516
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Bubble columns are commonly used in industry for polluted gas treatment. Based on the same principle, the droplet column which is not widely known in the literature, uses much higher gas velocities, up to 14 m/s. This study concerns the hydrodynamics and mass transfer in this apparatus, in presence or absence of solid particles. Our results have demonstrated the impact of dusts on mass transfer performance giving rise to an increase in the kL aL coefficient with decreasing particle size. However, no influence of dust on the hydrodynamics of the column has been demonstrated within the studied particle size range.A study of liquid holdups obtained by three different methods is also carried out. Our results are comparable, thus validating the methods used.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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