optical cell density probes
in situ probes
mammalian cell bioreactors/fermentors
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
On-line optical cell density probes were implemented to continuously monitor the cell densities in mammalian cell bioreactor and to achieve advanced bioreactor controls. We tested cell density probes from six manufacturers in high cell density bioreactors. When externally calibrated, Aquasant and Ingold backscattering probes produced the most linear probe responses (PR) versus cell density (CD), followed by the ASR and Cerex laser probes. Monitek and Wedgewood transmission probes had lower resolutions. All probes were tested in two murine hybridoma fermentations. Cell densities varied between 1 × 106 cells/mL to 20 × 106 cells/mL and the bioreactors were operated for 5 to 7 weeks. For our bioreactors, Aquasant, Ingold, ASR, Wedgewood, and Monitek probes gave satisfactory responses. Little fouling was observed with any probe at the end of 2 weeks. Fouling was a possibility after 3 weeks in one bioreactor but its effect can be easily corrected. Cell density control and specific perfusion control of bioreactors based on the Aquasant probe were achieved. Implementation of cell density probe based perfusion control, instead of “step perfusion adjustments” based on manual hemacytometer control, will result in smoother operation, healthier cultures, increased medium delivery efficiency, and reduced operational excursions. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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