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  • 1
    ISSN: 1399-3054
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The significance of photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) and sugar feeding for the production of plants in vitro is only poorly understood. Nicotiana tabacum L. plantlets were grown photoautotrophically and photomixotrophically (3% sucrose) at two different PPFs (60 µmol m−2 s−1 and 200 µmol m−2 s−1) to investigate the effect of these culture parameters on photosynthetic performance and growth. Photomixotrophically-grown plantlets showed an increase in carbohydrate content, mainly in glucose and fructose. Plant growth, dry matter accumulation and total leaf area were higher under photomixotrophic than photoautotrophic conditions. Not only biomass formation but also photosynthesis was positively affected by exogenous sucrose; the chlorophyll (Chl) content and the light-saturated rate of photosynthetic oxygen evolution were higher in photomixotrophic plantlets. Photoinhibition occurred in plantlets that were grown photoautotrophically at the higher PPF. It became apparent as a loss in Chl content and photochemical efficiency. Photoinhibited plantlets showed a decrease in the D2/LHCII and CP47/LHCII ratios, suggesting a preferential loss of proteins from the photosystem II (PSII) core. The increased content of xanthophyll cycle pigments in photoinhibited plantlets indicated that also protective mechanisms were activated. Photomixotrophic growth of the plantlets prevented the occurrence of photoinhibitory symptoms. Therefore, we conclude that culture on sugar medium increases not only the photosynthetic potential but also the high light resistance of plantlets grown in vitro.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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