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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary A cytogenetic analysis of a lung metastasis of an adamantinoma of the tibia, a rare tumor of the long bones, revealed a karyotype 52, XY, t(7;13)(q32;q14), +7, +12, +13, +19, +der(7) t(7;13), +der(13) t(7;13). The t(7;13) was found to be constitutional in the patient and was also present in peripheral blood lymphocytes of his unaffected father. However, both subjects displayed normal levels of esterase D enzyme activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Malignant myoepithelioma ; Pleomorphic adenoma ; Myoepithelial cell
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Malignant myoepithelioma of the salivary gland is discussed in terms of its clinical behaviour, morphological features and the frequent pre-existence of a pleomorphic adenoma. The study comprised six female and four male patients aged 14–63 years (mean age 38.9 years). Two tumours presented as intraoral lesions and eight were located in the parotid gland. Tumour cells displayed a morphological spectrum ranging from round epithelioid cells to spindle-shaped and stellate cells. Most cells displayed reactivity for high molecular weight keratins and in four tumours there was strong immunoreactivity for smooth muscle actin. Malignant myoepithelioma seems to arise in two different clinical settings: either de novo or in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma. De novo malignant myoepitheliomas arise in normal salivary gland, tend to be more aggressive and have a short clinical history. Recurrences may not develop or may occur as a single event within a short time interval, and métastases develop in the lungs. Malignant myoepitheliomas arising in recurrent pleomorphic adenomas have a long clinical history, are characterized by multiple recurrences and have to be distinguished from aggressive carcinomas arising in these adenomas. In contrast, the tumours described in the present series arising in pleomorphic adenomas showed local aggressiveness and metastases did not occur until decades after the first treatment. The general opinion that all malignant tumours that arise from pleomorphic adenomas are highly aggressive is not confirmed by the present study.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1524-4741
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Breast conservation surgery is an effective and safe treatment for many breast carcinomas. It may be possible to further limit the extent of resection (or expand the indication for breast conservation) by the application of preoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We explored the feasibility of this in a pilot study.Seventy-three patients (mean age 48, 63% premenopausal) with confirmed breast cancer, less than 2.5 cm, received chemotherapy (Group A) or chemotherapy plus radiotherapy (Group B) prior to limited resection (tumorectomy). Axillary dissection was always performed. Results: In 6/31 (19%) Group A and 17/42 (40%) Group B patients the tumor was not palpable after preoperative treatment, with complete pathological remission in 1 and 3 cases respectively. Histologic grading, mitosis, cellular alteration, and cellularity evaluations indicated a consistently greater therapeutic effect with chemoradiotherapy than with chemotherapy alone.In conclusion, radiotherapy appears useful in the preoperative treatment of breast cancer and its use in association with various drug combinations should be further explored.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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