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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A new design of single tooth implant (AstraTech, Mölndal Sweden) featuring a microthreaded conical neck and TiO blasttm surface was evaluated clinically and radiographically after 2 years in function. Fifteen patients (age range 16 to 48) with missing maxillary anterior teeth (6 central incisors, 8 laterals, 1 bicuspid) had 4,13 mm and 11,15 mm implants placed under local anaesthesia and left for a period of 6 months before exposure and abutment connection/crown fabrication. All patients were seen at 4 to 6 monthly intervals for hygienist maintenance. Radiographs using Rinn holders and a long cone technique were taken at the crown insertion and after 1 year (14 subjects) and 2 years (12 subjects). All implants were successfully integrated at stage 2, and no implants have been lost. The internal conical seal design of the abutment/implant interface facilitated connection and there were no cases of abutment screw loosening. No soft tissue problems were observed, and the gingival morphology/health was well maintained. One crown was recemented after 18 months in function, and 1 crown was replaced because of a fracture to the porcelain incisal edge. At crown insertion, the mean bone level was 0.46 to 0.48 mm apical to the top of the implant and there were no statistically significant changes in the bone level over the 2 years of the study. In conclusion, the single tooth Astra implants were highly successful and bone changes within the first 2 years of function were comparable with other systems reporting high long-term success rates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of medicinal chemistry 14 (1971), S. 1223-1225 
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of medicinal chemistry 14 (1971), S. 248-251 
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Bone augmentation around implant fixtures using the technique of guided tissue regeneration has been described in a number of reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone fill around dehiscence defects at matched defects randomly allocated to test (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene; Gore-Tex) or control treatments within the same patient. Six edentulous subjects were treated with overdentures supported by 2 fixtures ad modum Brinemark. In addition, 2 experimental 7 mm fixtures with nearly identical dehiscence defects on the labial aspect were placed in the anterior part of the mandible. Baseline defect heights ranged from 2.5 to 4.0 mm with 2 to 4 threads exposed. The test fixture dehiscence was covered with a Gore-Tex membrane secured with a cover screw. The experimental fixtures were exposed after 5 months at stage 2 surgery and measurements and photographs repeated. The fixtures were then removed with a trephine and processed for histological evaluation. Regeneration of a hard tissue resembling bone was observed in 4 of 6 cases treated with Gore-Tex, amounting to between 95 and 100% elimination of the dehiscence and total coverage of the threads. However, in one of these cases, histological evaluation showed that it was soft tissue and not bone, and in a further case soft tissue regeneration was apparent both clinically and histologically. In another case there was no significant regeneration at either test or control defects. Although there was a trend for the Gore-Tex treated dehiscences to respond more favourably, the differences in clinical and histological measurements between test and control failed to reach statistical significance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Connecting teeth and osseointegrated implants in fixed reconstructions is not generally recommended because of differences in their response to loading.Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical and radiographic performance of the teeth and implants used to support three unit fixed bridges subjected to normal functional loads.Subjects and methods: Nineteen subjects (10 males, nine females, age range 27–65 years) with an edentulous posterior free end saddle in either maxilla or mandible (Kennedy Class 2), and opposing natural teeth or a tooth-supported fixed bridge were treated and completed the 3-year trial. An Astra Tech ST implant (length: 9 mm (n=2), 11 mm (n=9) or 13 mm (n=8); diameter: 4.5 mm) was placed immediately distal to the last tooth or leaving a single premolar sized space. The distal tooth received a gold coping and the implant was restored with a customised Prepable abutment (Astra Tech Profile BiAbutment: diameter 5.5 or 7 mm). A fixed bridge was placed linking the gold coping and implant abutment either with the pontic as a distal cantilever (n=6, length 7–8 mm) or as a fixed–fixed design (n=13, length 6–12 mm). Standardised radiographs and clinical records were taken at delivery of the prosthesis (baseline BL) and annually.Results: Plaque scores at implant sites increased between BL and subsequent years (P〈0.02). Statistically significant increases in probing depth were observed at both abutment teeth and implants between baseline and subsequent years (P〈0.001). Marginal bone levels (mm) at the implant and tooth were stable between BL, 1-, 2- and 3-year examinations (implant: BL 0.65±0.42, 1 year 0.63±0.47, 2 years 0.88±0.55, 3 years 0.78±0.64; tooth: BL 2.29±0.82, 1 year 2.41±0.8, 2 years 2.38±1.02, 3 years 2.68±0.86). No signs of the intrusion of the abutment teeth were detected. One case of abutment screw loosening occurred. Eight bridges required re-cementation with a permanent cement in place of the temporary cement. There were eight subjects presenting with fractures/chips to the composite component of the bridges.Conclusion: The 3-year results demonstrate fully functional successful restorations with no evidence of tooth intrusion and with stable bone levels at both teeth and implants.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of fish biology 67 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The responsible approach to marine stock enhancement is a set of principles aimed at maximising the success and benefits of artificially re-stocking depleted fisheries. The benefits of such an approach are evident in the 400% increase in survival of stocked striped mullet in Hawaii through refinement of release techniques, however financially or temporally constrained stocking programs in Australia have not adhered to all principles. A pragmatic approach to address these principles is proposed, using international examples and Australian marine finfish pilot stockings of barramundi, mulloway, sand whiting, dusky flathead and black bream. Biological ranking of candidate species by estuarine residency, a low natural-mortality to growth ratio, a large L∞ and comparison by recreational value and available rearing technologies, show that mulloway, barramundi and sea mullet are ideal species for stocking in Australia. Australian intermittently closed opening landlocked lagoons and recreational fishing havens, especially near cities, provide experimental opportunities to apply this approach and stock suitable species through small-scale pilot experiments. This would allow evaluation of production and carrying capacity, and density dependent processes with respect to optimal stocking strategies unconfounded by emigration and commercial fishing practices. Twenty per cent of Australians fish each year, and harvest approximately 27 000 t of finfish. Stocking recreationally important species in Australia should give a greater financial benefit, which is spread across a larger cross-section of the community, compared to stocking to enhance commercial fisheries. The pragmatic application of the responsible approach, and stocking of fast growing estuarine residents into recreational fishing havens would enhance the benefit from marine stocking.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of medicinal chemistry 14 (1971), S. 1228-1230 
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of medicinal chemistry 14 (1971), S. 1226-1227 
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1435-1803
    Keywords: leftventricular hypertrophy ; hypertension ; stereology ; hemodynamics ; andcaptopril
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary While antihypertensive therapy is considered to be an important clinical intervention in hypertensive patients, its effects on cardiac structure and function have not been intensely evaluated. In this study we tested the hypotheses that lowering blood pressure (BP) with the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril, would: 1) normalize left ventricular mass and increase the cardiocyte mitochondria/myofibrils volume (Vmito/Vmyo) ratio; and 2) not compromise peak ventricular performance. We treated 16-week-old SHR and WKY with captopril (40–80 mg/kg) and hydrochlorothiazide (500 mg/l) via their drinking water. After six weeks of treatment peak cardiac performance was measured during rapid volume overload. Tissue samples from the left ventricular wall were analyzed by electron microscopy and stereology. Captopril lowered BP in SHR and WKY but had no affect on the left ventricular/body weight ratio. The only intracellular change in treated SHR was an increase in sarcoplasmic volume density. Treated WKY exhibited decreased midmyocardial mitochondrial volume density. At peak cardiac output, acceleration of flow and cardiac index were not affected by treatment. Stroke work at peak cardiac output was decreased in the treated groups due to a decrease in mean arterial pressure. In addition, captopril treatment resulted in a shift of the cardiac output (CO)-left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) curves, such that LVEDP at peak cardiac output was approximately 50% less in the treated groups compared to their respective control groups. Although captopril was efficacious in lowering BP, it is suggested that lowering BP with this agent does not, at least within six weeks, lead to a reversal of hypertrophy or to a significant alteration in the volume densities of myofibrils and mitochondria. However, an important effect of this antihypertensive drug which may be of clinical significance, is that it leads to a leftward shift of the CO-LVEDP curve in both hypertensive and normotensive rats.
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