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  • 1
    ISSN: 0303-7207
    Keywords: arcuate nucleus ; brain slice ; norepinephrine ; periventricular/suprachiasmatic preoptic nucleus ; serotonin ; single-unit activity
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract A variant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae pep4 strain 20B12, with improved oligotrophic proliferation, cell survival and secretion of heterologous mouse α-amylase, is described. Previously we reported a procedure to enrich NI transformants that are not inhibited by cytotoxic expression of hepatitis B virus surface antigen in the secretion pathway of the protease-A-deficient (pep4) strain. To use the NI cells as a host for heterologous expression, we tried to amend the introduced pYAS/12S vector and obtain a host strain, NI-C, with stable NI phenotype and trp1 marker restored. Southern analysis of genomic DNA of NI-C suggested that the original pYAS/12S was abnormally rearranged and not completely corrected. Further assay showed that the viability and mitotic ability of the NI-C strain were increased. While using the NI-C strain as host for plasmid transformation and heterologous expression of mouse α-amylase, we observed that transformed colonies grew more quickly and secreted more α-amylase than general yeast strains. A further test showed that the NI-C strain was able to use mouse α-amylase as a positive selection marker to form transformed colonies on nitrogen-starved plates that contain starch as the sole carbon source. The results imply that the NI-C variant is an improved pep4 strain that can be used for heterologous expression and for the development of new selective markers in the yeast transformation system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2826
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Fasting up-regulates central orexigenic systems including orexin A and neuropeptide Y (NPY) and it also inhibits the secretion of prolactin. We hypothesized that fasting may act through orexin A and NPY to influence tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic (TIDA) neurones, the major regulator of prolactin secretion. The effects of orexin A and NPY on TIDA neuronal activity and prolactin secretion were determined in oestrogen-primed ovariectomized rats, and the effects of fasting and the involvement of orexin A and NPY were tested. Orexin A, NPY and its analogs were administered through preimplanted intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) cannulae. TIDA neuronal activity was determined by measuring concentrations of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) or 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine in the median eminence. i.c.v. injection of NPY (10 µg) or orexin A (1 µg) concomitantly increased median eminence DOPAC and decreased serum prolactin concentrations. The effect of NPY was mimicked by a Y1 receptor agonist at lower doses (0.1 and 1 µg) and no additive effect was observed when orexin A and the Y1 agaonist were coadministered. Moreover, a Y1 receptor antagonist, BIBP, not only blocked the effect of Y1 agaonist, but also that of orexin A. Treatment with BIBP alone decreased median eminence DOPAC and increased serum prolactin concentrations, indicating that endogenous NPY may play a role. Moreover, fasting for 48 h significantly increased TIDA neuronal activity, both in the morning and afternoon, and the effect was reversed by treatment with either BIBP or an antibody against orexin A. The findings support our hypothesis that fasting stimulates TIDA neuronal activity and inhibits prolactin secretion through up-regulated central orexin A and NPY systems.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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