Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Bubenik GA, Pang SF. The role of serotonin and megaton in gastrointestinal physiology: Ontogeny, regulation of food intake, and mutual serotonin-melatonin feedback. J. Pineal Res. 1994: 16: 91–99.〈section xml:id="abs1-1"〉〈title type="main"〉AbstractAverage levels of melatonin in the brain and the gastrointestinal (GIT) tissues of newborn mice declined dramatically during the first week postnatally. Food consumption increased considerably in mice bearing subcutaneous serotonin (5-HT) implants (2 mg). Melatonin implants (2 mg) also increased overall consumption but to a lesser degree. Both 5-HT and melatonin implants (2 mg) increased water content of mice fecal pellets, albeit the melatonin effect was less pronounced. Serotonin implants (2,4,6 mg/mouse) increased melatonin levels in brain, jejunum, ileum, and colon, but the effect was not dose-dependent. Intraperitoneally administered melatonin (5, 20 and 200 ug/mouse) elevated melatonin levels in brain and GIT tissues more than 100 times that of the controls, but the effect was not dose-dependent. In contrast, intraperitoneal administration of melatonin (5, 50, and 200 ug) in mice bearing a 5-HT implant (2 mg) resulted in only 3-7 times higher melatonin levels in the GIT as compared to controls, and the brain levels of melatonin were actually lower. A feedback system between 5–HT and melatonin is proposed that regulates appetite and digestive processes by endocrine as well as paracrine effects in both the brain and the GIT.
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