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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Plant Science Letters 22 (1981), S. 369-378 
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0922-338X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé Le mécanisme d'assimilation des hydrocarbures par une levure, Candida lipolytica est étudié au moyen de l'analyse cinétique de la croissance du microorganisme et de la disparition du substrat hydrocarboné. Les hydrocarbures utilisés sont des n-paraffines. On ajoute au milieu soit un seul hydrocarbure (n-tetradécane ou n-hexadécane), soit un mélange binaire (n-dodécane et n-heptadécane), soit un mélange complexe (du n-undécane au n-octadécane). Contrairement à d'autres auteurs, nous pensons qu'il est peu probable que l'essentiel de la réaction s'effectue par contact des gouttes de substrat et des microorganismes puisque l'on observe des retards d'assimilation de certains hydrocarbures: ceux de faible poids moléculaire (les plus solubles) sont assimilés plus rapidement. Il semble donc que l'assimilation se fasse en grande partie à partir d'hydrocarbures préablement solubilisés.
    Notes: Summary The mechanism of hydrocarbon uptake by a yeast, Candida lipolytica has been studied by means of the kinetic analysis of micro-organism growth and substrate assimilation. Hydrocarbons used as only source of carbon are normal alkanes either pure (n-tetradecane or n-hexadecane) or in mixture of two paraffins (n-dodecane and n-heptadecane) or eight paraffins (n-undecane to n-octadecane). In these last cases delays in n-alkanes consumption are observed. They show that the most soluble substrates (lower molecular weight) are first consumed. In opposition to other authors we think that there is little probability for main reaction occurring by direct contact between drops and micro-organisms. The evidence indicates that n-alkanes are mainly utilized in the dissolved state.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary Batch cultures of Medicago sativa cells have been carried out in the dark under aerobic conditions using lactose as the sole carbon source. The stoichiometric analysis has been correlated with both the oxygen demand and the cell productivity in an oxygen-limited cultivation. The minimum oxygen transfer has been estimated to be 12.5 h−1, i.e., 0.3 v.v.m; this initial aeration rate led to cell necrosis. Starting with a low oxygen transfer coefficient kL·a and increasing the air flow rate during the course of fermentation gave an exponential growth phase. The maximum specific growth rate was 0.012 h−1 and the growth yield was 0.43 g.d.w./g. of lactose. On the basis of the mass-balance relation the maintenance coefficient and the maximum growth yield have been calculated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary The effect of various culture conditions on growth kinetics of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe strain were investigated in order to facilitate the potential use of this organism in enology. The effect of ethanol was characterized as a 80 g·l−1 critical concentration. An optimal pH range of 3.5–4.0 was found. Growth was slightly affected by malic acid at pH 3.0 but was shown to decrease drastically at pH 5.5. Aerated cultures had increased rates of growth and malate degradation than those grown under anaerobiosis, although the specific rate of malate degradation remained fairly constant. Taking into account biomass synthesis data it would seem likely that under anaerobiosis malate can replenish the Krebs' cycle for amphibolic precursor synthesis and hence avoid potential growth limitation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The energetics of growth of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in continuous high-cell concentration cultures using a cell-recycle fermentor. Under non-O2-limited conditions, steady-states were obtained at various specific growth rates (partial cell-recycle) with purely oxidative (glucose limitation) or respiro-fermentative (glucose excess) metabolic behaviour. The stoichiometry of biomass synthesis was established from the elemental composition of the cells and measurements of all the specific metabolic rates, i.e. consumption of glucose and O2 and production of CO2, ethanol and other products. The theoretical yield factor for biomass on glucose was YG,X = 0.85 C-mol·C-mol−1 and maintenance requirements were negligible. Assuming a constant coupling between energy generation and biomass formation for both respirative and respiro-fermentative breakdown of glucose, the biomass yield from ATP (YATP) and the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation (P/O ratio) could be determined as 9.8 g biomass·mol ATP and 1.28 mol ATP·atom of O2, respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Survival of alginate-entrapped cells of Azospirillum lipoferum was studied during dehydration using a dry air stream and during prolonged storage at various constant water activity values (aw). During the drying operation, the viability loss remained almost constant from the initial water content to 0.35 g water/g dry weight (DW) corresponding to a 98.5% water removal, strongly increased until a water content of 0.25 g/g DW and then stopped until the end of the drying operational (final aw 0.18). A water content of 0.25 g/g DW (aw=0.55) corresponded to the critical point of the moisture sorption isotherm curve from which water became restricted to the dry material. A high drying rate (5 g/g DW per hour) was shown to be more detrimental for cell viability than a low drying rate (1.18 g/g DW per hour). When the product was stored in a closed chamber with a regulated aw (0.23), the number of living cells decreased during a short period (less than 15 days) corresponding to the product aw stabilization, and then remained constant for more than 150 days. In addition, cell survival during storage was not affected by aw values in the range 0–0.55. Above aw=0.55, the higher the aw and the storage duration, the lower the residual survival percentage. The influence of the drying and storage conditions on the cell death rate are discussed with regard to both the mechanisms generally involved in viability loss and the hydration properties of water.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary Candida lipolytica is shown to produce an extracellular polymer with emulsifying properties when grown on n-tetradecane or a mixture of linear hydrocarbons. A device for biosurfactant isolation is presented. The polymers recovered from the fermentation broth were found to be complex molecules with a protein, a lipid and a carbohydrate moiety. Their surface active properties suggest a possible role in hydrocarbon uptake by cells. Effectively, the addition of crude polymer resulted in an enhancement of respiration rate which was dependent on n-alkane concentration with glucose grown cells. Likewise in batch culture, maximum growth rate, cell productivity and yield were increased by the presence of the biosurfactant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary The effect of various culture conditions on growth kinetics of an homofermentative strain of the lactic acid bacterium Streptococcus cremoris were investigated in batch cultures, in order to facilitate the production of this organism as a starter culture for the dairy industry. An optimal pH range of 6.3–6.9 was found and a lactose concentration of 37 g·l-1 was shown to be sufficient to cover the energetic demand for biomass formation, using the recommended medium. The study of the effect of lactic acid concentration on growth kinetics revealed that the end-product was not the sole factor affecting growth. The strain was characterized for its tolerance towards lactic acid and a critical concentration of 70 g·l-1 demonstrated. With the product yield of 0.9 g·g-1 at non-lactose limiting conditions the lactic acid concentration of 33 g·l-1 could not explain the low growth rates obtained, implicating a nutritional limitation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary During batch cultivation of Catharanthus roseus cell suspensions, alkaloids were found in the culture medium after growth had ceased. Resting cell suspensions with high alkaloid content were obtained by transferring the cells to a medium devoid of 2.4 D (2.4 dichlorophenoxy-acetic acid). A production system with continuous feeding was developped to study alkaloid production by these resting cell suspensions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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