Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
The effects of cycling temperatures (5°C for 12 hr and 25°C for 12 hr) on aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 in yeast extract sucrose (YES) medium were studied. Cycling temperatures, after preincubation at 25°C for various times, resulted in more aflatoxin B1, G1, and total aflatoxin production than did constant incubation at either 25°C, which is generally considered to be the optimum for aflatoxin production, or 15°C, which is the same total thermal input as the 5-25°C temperature cycling. With increased preincubation time at 25°C, toxin production increased and the lag phase of growth was shortened or not evident. Cultures that were preincubated at 25°C for 1, 2, and 3 days prior to onset of temperature cycling showed the greatest increase in maximum aflatoxin production over the 25°C and 15°C constant temperatures. Cultures that were not preincubated at 25°C but subjected to constantly fluctuating temperatures produced maximum amounts of aflatoxin equivalent to cultures incubated at a constant 25°C. The maximum aflatoxin production at all temperatures studied occurred during the late log phase of growth and at pH minimums. Aflatoxins were found in higher concentrations in the broth than the mycelia under temperature cycling conditions, at 15°C, and at 25°C during the first 21 days of incubation, whereas greater amounts of toxin were retained in mycelium at 25°C in the later incubation period (28-42 days).
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