Gibbs states and conserved quantities
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We derive the hydrodynamic (Euler) approximation for the harmonic time evolution of infinite classical oscillator system on one-dimensional lattice ℤ1 It is known that equilibrium (i.e., time-invariant attractive) states for this model are translationally invariant Gaussian ones, with the mean 0, which satisfy some linear relations involving the interaction quadratic form. The natural “parameter” characterizing equilibrium states is the spectral density matrix function (SDMF)F(θ), θ∃[− π, π). Time evolution of a space “profile” of local equilibrium parameters is described by a space-time SDMFF(t;x, θ) t, x∃R 1. The hydrodynamic equation forF(t; x, θ) which we derive in this paper means that the “normal mode” profiles indexed byθ are moving according to linear laws and are mutually independent. The procedure of deriving the hydrodynamic equation is the following: We fix an initial SDMF profileF(x, θ) and a familyP ɛ,ɛ〉0 of mean 0 states which satisfy the two conditions imposed on the covariance of spins at various lattice points: (a) the covariance at points “close” to the valueɛ −1 x in the stateP ɛ is approximately described by the SDMFF(x, θ); (b) The covariance (on large distances) decreases with distance quickly enough and uniformly inɛ. Given nonzerot∃R 1, we consider the states P ɛ−1τ ɛ ,ɛ〉0, describing the system at the time momentsɛ −1 t during its harmonic time evolution. We check that the covariance at lattice points close toɛ −1 x in the state P ɛ−1τ ɛ is approximately described by a SDMFF(t;x, θ) and establish the connection betweenF(t; x, θ) andF(x,θ).
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