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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-904X
    Keywords: methylphenidate ; average bioequivalence ; individual bioequivalence ; human ; pharmacokinetics ; replicated design
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Purpose. To determine the relative bioavailability of two marketed,immediate-release methylphenidate tablets. The study used a replicatedstudy design to characterize intrasubject variability, and determinebioequivalence using both average and individual bioequivalencecriteria. Methods. A replicated crossover design was employed using 20subjects. Each subject received a single 20 mg dose of the reference tableton two occasions and two doses of the test tablet on two occasions.Blood samples were obtained for 10 hr after dosing, and plasma wasassayed for methylphenidate by GC/MS. Results. The test product was more rapidly dissolved in vitro and morerapidly absorbed in vivo than the reference product. The mean Cmaxand AUC(0 − ∞) differed by 11% and 9%, respectively. Using anaverage bioequivalence criterion, the 90% confidence limits for theLn-transformed Cmax and AUC(0 − ∞), comparing the two replicatesof the test to the reference product, fell within the acceptable range of80–125%. Using an individual bioequivalence criterion the test productfailed to demonstrate equivalence in Cmax to the reference product. Conclusions. The test and reference tablets were bioequivalent usingan average bioequivalence criterion. The intrasubject variability of thegeneric product was greater and the subject-by-formulation interactionvariance was borderline high. For these reasons, the test tablets werenot individually bioequivalent to the reference tablets.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-904X
    Keywords: carbamazepine ; human ; bioavailability ; pharmacokinetics ; dissolution
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The bioavailability of three lots of a generic 200-mg carbamazepine tablet, which had been withdrawn from the market, was compared to the bioavailability of one lot of the innovator product in 24 healthy volunteers. Fifty-three lots of the generic product had been recalled by the manufacturer because of concerns over reports of clinical failures for several of the lots. The three generic lots tested in this study exhibited a wide range of bioavailability, as well as large differences in the in vitro dissolution rates. The mean maximum carbamazepine plasma concentrations for two of the generic lots were only 61-74% that of the innovator product, while the third lot was 142% of the innovator. The mean areas under the plasma concentration-time curve for the three generic lots ranged from 60 to 113% that of the innovator product. The results clearly indicate a significant difference in the rate and extent of absorption of the generic products compared to the innovator, as well as among the generic lots. A good relationship was found between the in vivo parameters and the in vitro dissolution results for the four dosage forms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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