Key words Children
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract To evaluate the risk factors for recurrence of MB/PNET we analyzed the medical records of 157 patients treated at the Children's Memorial Health Institute between February 1981 and February 1997. The following factors were evaluated: age at diagnosis, gender, tumor size, tumor cells in the CSF, postoperative status, extent of resection and methods of treatment. We evaluated chemotherapy (CHT) doses, interval between courses, interval between surgery (S) and first course of CHT, interval between S and radiotherapy (RTX), and breaks during RTX. We divided patients into six groups: S alone, S+CHT, S+RTX, S+CHT+ RTX, S+RTX+CHT, S+CHT+RTX+ CHT. Age at diagnosis, gender, tumor size, extent of resection, postoperative status, intervals between courses of CHT, between S and the first course of CHT, and between S and RTX, and breaks during RTX had no statistical influence on relapse occurrence. Tumor cells in CSF were routinely checked for from January 1992 onward. In this group of 75 patients, 40 had tumor cells positive at surgery (28 relapsed), while in the group of 35 patients with negative tumor cells 14 relapsed (P=0.004). Out of 26 patients treated with S+RTX alone, 13 relapsed. Among 14 patients treated with S+RTX and prolonged CHT 6 relapsed. Out of 14 patients treated with S+CHT 13 relapsed; among 49 who received S+CHT+RTX 35 relapsed; and out of 51 patients treated with S+CHT+RTX+CHT 30 relapsed. In the multivariate analysis of treatment methods chemotherapy implemented after radiotherapy had a positive, though not statistically significant, influence on outcome (P=0.06). Among those receiving CHT the mean percentage of the ideal dose administered had a statistically significant influence on relapse: in the group of relapsed patients the mean dose was 76.1%, while in the group in continuous remission it was 83.7% (P=0.0013). On the basis of our data, we conclude that the presence of tumor cells in the CSF had a significant influence on the occurrence of relapse. Administration of appropriate doses of chemotherapy is extremely important for the occurrence of relapse and the final outcome of treatment. Prolonged adjuvant chemotherapy after radiotherapy seems to lower the risk of recurrence.
Type of Medium: