Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Growth, photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism in plants of two grassland species, clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. cv. Areces and Gaitan) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), shifted from 25 to 12°C for 1 day or developed at 12°C were compared with controls kept at 25°C. Cold development produced a larger inhibition of growth in fescue than in clovers. In contrast, transferring plants from high to low temperature inhibited photosynthesis to a lesser extent in fescue than in clovers, this difference being associated with an increase in the activation state of Calvin cycle enzymes in fescue, but not in the clovers, a decreased cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (cFBPase, EC 22.214.171.124) activity in clovers, and an accumulation of hexose phosphates only in fescue. Development at 12°C partly relieved the inhibition of photosynthesis in clovers, in contrast with fescue, which correlated with increases in total ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (Rubisco, EC 126.96.36.199) activity only in clovers, and with greater increases in total stromal FBPase (sFBPase) activity in clovers than in fescue. The activity of sucrose synthesis enzymes was increased in the two clovers and fescue developed in the cold, while carbohydrate accumulation was much bigger in cold-developed fescue than in clovers because of a 5-fold increase in fructan contents in the former. The contents of phosphorylated intermediates increased in clovers but decreased in fescue grown at 12°C. Our results suggest that restricted ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) regeneration limited the recovery of photosynthetic capacity in cold-developed fescue.
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