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  • 1
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We sought to determine the prevalence of cytotoxic activity in fecal filtrates from persons with C. jejuni or C. coli enteritis. Stool specimens were collected from 20 persons with C. jejuni or C. coli enteritis, 20 persons with acute diarrheal illnesses of other causes, and 9 healthy, asymptomatic persons. Fecal filtrates were then incubated with Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) or HeLa cells. The fecal filtrate from 1 of the 20 (5%) persons with Campylobacter enteritis was cytotoxic for HeLa cells at a titer of 1:40, and 10 (50%) were cytotoxic for CHO cells at maximum titers of 1:20. Cytotoxic activity for CHO cells at a median titer of 1:20 was also present in 40% of the fecal filtrates from persons with diarrhea due to causes other than Campylobacter enteritis, and in 33% of filtrates from healthy, asymptomatic persons. The observed low level of cytotoxicity in fecal filtrates from all patient groups studied likely resulted from non-specific factors, unrelated to the pathogenesis of Campylobacter enteritis.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Helicobacter 9 (2004), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1523-5378
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This review summarizes key results of epidemiologic studies published in peer-reviewed journals between April 2003 and March 2004. The prevalence of H. pylori infection continues to vary strongly between developing countries and developed countries, and according to ethnicity, place of birth and socioeconomic factors among people living in the same country. Intrafamilial spread appears to play a central role in transmission of the infection in both developing and developed countries. The role of H. pylori infection in development of noncardia gastric cancer appears to be even much stronger than previously assumed, whereas the lack of an association with cardia cancer and an inverse association with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus could be confirmed. Suggestions for an inverse association of the infection with atopic diseases have recently received further support, whereas evidence concerning the role of the infection (or its eradication) in GERD and a large variety of other extragastric diseases, including cardiovascular disease, remains inconclusive.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1523-5378
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background.Human serum represents an important barrier to the entry of most mucosal organisms into tissues and to the systemic circulation. If at all present, Helicobacter pylori within gastric tissue is rare, and bacteremia for this organism has been described only once. Methods. To assess the susceptibility of H. pylori to the bactericidal activity present in normal human serum (NHS), we examined 13 H. pylori isolates. To assess the contributions of the classical and alternative complement pathways to killing, we added either C2-deficient or factor B-deficient serum, respectively, to heat-inactivated NHS. Also we assessed the ability of the strains to bind 125I-C3. Results.After incubation for 60 minutes at 37°C, all 13 H. pylori strains were killed by NHS; heating to 56°C for 30 minutes ablated killing, indicating complement dependence for this phenomenon. In the absence of an antibody source, there was no killing when either an alternative or classical complement pathway source was used. Adding B-deficient serum to heat-inactivated normal human serum did not restore killing, but adding C2-deficient serum permitted partial killing. All of the 13 strains bound 125I-C3. Although the kinetics varied from strain to strain, C3 bound was significantly correlated (r= 0.61, p= 0.03) with serum susceptibility. Conclusions. H. pylori are susceptible to complement, alternative pathway activation appears critical, and C3 binding is a major locus of variability.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: cobalamin ; cobalamin malabsorption ; H. pylori ; gastritis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Two entities of considerable recent interest,Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach and food-cobalamin malabsorption, are each intimately associated with gastric abnormalities. A possible connection between the two entities thus suggested itself and prompted us to study 98 subjects with low serum cobalamin levels but normal Schilling test results and 17 controls with normal cobalamin levels. Food-cobalamin absorption was measured with the egg yolk-cobalamin absorption test (EYCAT) and was abnormal in 56 of the 115 subjects. IgG antibody toH. pylori was found in 78% of the 27 patients with severe food-cobalamin malabsorption (EYCAT 〈1.0% excretion), compared with only 45% of 29 subjects with mild malabsorption (EYCAT 1.0–1.99%) and 42% of 59 subjects with normal absorption (EYCAT ≥2.0%) (x2=9.52,P〈0.01). Antibody-positive patients had lower EYCAT excretion values than those without antibody (2.03±1.83% vs 3.11±2.13%,t=2.913,P=0.005). While Hispanic patients tended to malabsorb food cobalamin more frequently than did white or black patients, and men were more often antibody-positive than women, race, sex, or age characteristics were not responsible for the significant association between serologic evidence ofH. pylori infection and severe malabsorption of food cobalamin. The association that we describe suggests that gastritis induced byH. pylori predisposes to a more severe form of food-cobalamin malabsorption, among its other effects on gastric status.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1435-5922
    Keywords: Key words:H. pylori ; treatment ; Rhesus monkeys ; gastritis ; immunoglobulins
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Rhesus monkeys raised in colonies tend to become naturally infected by Helicobacter pylori early in life. Earlier attempts to cure H. pylori infection with a 10-day triple therapy (metronidazole, amoxicillin, and peptobismol) were only partially (60%) successful, probably because of preexisting metronidazole resistance. This study was carried out to determine the efficacy of an alternative clarithromycin-omeprazole-based therapy for curing H. pylori infection in Rhesus mon-keys (Macaca mulatta), and to examine histologic and serologic correlates of curing. Five monkeys were endoscoped under ketamine anesthesia. Histology and culture of gastric biopsies and serologic tests demonstrated that they were H. pylori-positive. Two animals had not received prior anti-H. pylori treatment, while three other animals had failed triple therapy and carried metronidazole-resistant H. pylori strains. Quadruple therapy with omeprazole, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and bismuth subsalicylate was given for 10 days to these five animals. All five animals were cured of the infection, and remained H. pylori-free, based on histology and culture at regular intervals for the 5 months post-therapy during which they were followed. Gastritis scores and anti-H. pylori IgG levels decreased in each animal during this period to levels characteristic of uninfected animals. These results indicate that an omeprazole-clarithromycin-based regimen can cure H. pylori infection in Rhesus monkeys, with resolution of abnormal histology and serologic responses. They suggest that this preclinical animal model is useful for testing new anti-H. pylori therapies.
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