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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-6776
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary A simple fed-batch system which controls substrate feeding by measuring the CO2 produced during the fermentation, was developped. This Fed-batch approach allowed high production of 1,3-propanediol from glycerol by Clostridium butyricum by avoiding substrate inhibition phenomena. 65 g/l of 1,3-propanediol was produced with a productivity of 1.21 g/l.h and a yield of 0.56. The concentration of 1,3-propanediol obtained and the productivity were significantly higher than those reached in batch culture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: fatty acid synthesis ; yeast ; Rhodotorula glutinis ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: In nitrogen-limited media, growth and fatty acid formation by the oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula glutinis, i.e., yield and fatty acid cell content, have been characterized regarding carbon and nitrogen availabilities. It was shown that the formation of fatty acid free biomass was limited by nitrogen availability, whereas the fatty acid production was directly dependent on the consumed C/N ratio. According to these observations, the fraction of substrate consumed for fatty acid synthesis was estimated by using a simple method based on the actual yields, i.e., the mass of carbon source strictly converted into fatty acids and fatty acid free biomass. From these results, relationships were established allowing to predict in a simple and performing manner the maximal attainable fatty acid cell content and yield from the available carbon and nitrogen. These relationships were validated by using experimental data obtained by various authors with different yeast strains, and the proposed method was compared to the energetic and mass balance method previously described. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary The effect of culture conditions, especially nitrogen/carbon (N/C) ratio and temperature, on acyl lipid profiles in the oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula glutinis NRRL Y 1091 have been investigated. Cultivation of the microorganism under N-limited conditions (N/C 〈 0.14 g/g) resulted in enhanced fatty acid (FA) cell content but a reduced relative amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The maximal FA productivity was obtained for a 0.025 N/C ratio resulting from the arrangement between the specific rate of FA synthesis and the concentration of lipid-free biomass. Under nitrogen-non-limiting conditions, cells grown at lower temperatures had a higher PUFA content and the maximal productivity of α-linolenic acid was obtained by shifting the temperature of the culture from 30° C to 25° C.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), zinc (Zn) or iron (Fe) limitations on lipid and especially α-linolenic acid (ALA) synthesis in the oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula glutinis have been investigated. Exhaustion of the limiting element in the medium resulted in an enhancement of both the fatty acid cell content (FA/X) and the corresponding productivity. Except for Fe-limited media, lipid accumulation was always coupled with an increase in the yield of ALA synthesis, whereas in all the limiting conditions the productivity of ALA declined. Kinetic investigations showed that this decline resulted from a sharp decrease in the specific rates of ALA synthesis associated with slowing down of growth. A comparative study showed that the highest yields and specific rates of fatty acid and ALA synthesis were induced by P-limitation early in the lipid accumulation phase. However, above a FA/X of 15%, N-limiting conditions become more attractive for producing lipids. During P-limited growth a down-shift of temperature from 30° C to 25° C was shown ao reduce the range of FA/X values at which the specific rate of fatty acid synthesis was maximal but without any other effect on fatty acid formation. In contrast, the decreased temperature resulted in enhanced ALA production by maintaining the specific rate of synthesis near to the maximal value of 3.6 mg g X −1 h−1, where X* is free fatty acid biomass, and increased the corresponding yield by a factor of up to three.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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