Key words: Bone mineral — Calcium — Physical activity — Children — Ethnicity.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in lifestyle and morphometric factors that affect bone mineral and the attainment of peak bone mass in 168 healthy Asian (n = 58) and Caucasian (n = 110) Canadian, prepubertal girls and boys (mean age 8.9 ± 0.7) living in close geographical proximity. DXA (Hologic 4500) scans of the proximal femur (with regions), lumbar spine, and total body (TB) were acquired. We report areal bone mineral densities (aBMD g/cm2) at all sites and estimated volumetric density (νBMD, g/cm3) at the femoral neck. Dietary calcium, physical activity, and maturity were estimated by questionnaire. Of these prepubertal children, all of the boys and 89% of the girls were Tanner stage 1. A 2 × 2 ANOVA demonstrated no difference between ethnicities for height, weight, body fat, or bone mineral free lean mass. Asian children consumed significantly less dietary calcium (35%) on average and were significantly less active (15%) than their Caucasian counterparts (P 〈 0.001). There were significant ethnicity main effects for femoral neck bone mineral content (BMC) and αBMD (both P 〈 0.001) and significant sex by ethnicity interactions (P 〈 0.01). The Asian boys had significantly lower femoral neck BMC (11%), aBMD (8%), and νBMD (4.4%). At the femoral neck, BMFL mass, sex, and physical activity explained 37% of the total variance in aBMD (P 〈 0.05). In summary, this study demonstrated differences in modifiable lifestyle factors and femoral neck bone mineral between Asian and Caucasian boys.
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