Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The effect of polymer-polymer phase separation on the transport properties of gelatin-dextran films has been studied. In the gelatin-dextran-water system, the phase separation and gel formation do not occur due to the presence of a nonsolvent, but depend entirely on the temperature and the total polymer concentration. It has been found that the permeability of polymer blend films to aqueous solutes can be varied not only by changing the volume ratio of the phases, but also by varying the size of the individual domains of the two phases in the films. Under the conditions of restricted demixing (e.g., after gel formation), the course of the phase separation process can be changed by varying the length of time allowed for unrestricted separation. The two most important parameters affecting the result are the total polymer concentration in the casting solution, and the temperature regime. An exponential dependence of the permeation coefficient on the volume fraction of the solvent in the film is shown.
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