Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We show that ifb andb′ are two boundary conditions (b.c.) for general spin systems on ℤ d such that the difference in the energies of a spin configuration σΛ in Λ ⊂ ℤ d is uniformly bounded, |H Λ,b (σΛ)−H Λ,b′(σΛ)|⩽C 〈 ∞, then any infinite-volume Gibbs statesρ and ρ′ obtained with these b.c. have the same measure-zero sets. This implies that the decompositions ofρ and ρ′ into extremal Gibbs states are equivalent (mutually absolutely continuous). In particular, ifρ is extremal,ρ=ρ′. Application of this observation yields in an easy way (among other things) (a) the uniqueness of the Gibbs states for one-dimensional systems with forces that are not too long-range; (b) the fact that various b.c. that are natural candidates for producing non-translation-invariant Gibbs states cannot lead to such an extremal Gibbs state in two dimensions.
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