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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1955
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The invasion of host cells by the obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is calcium dependent. We have identified two calcium storage areas in tachyzoites, the endoplasmic reticulum and vesicles that contain high concentrations of calcium as amorphous calcium phosphate precipitates. Our data indicate that these vesicles slowly lose their calcium during the intracellular development of the tachyzoite as their nucleus phosphorus content increases. We found fluctuations in the sulfur content of the tachyzoite during invasion following the exocytosis of protein from the secretory organelles, with a loss of sodium and chlorine, and the uptake of potassium from the host cell cytoplasm. We demonstrated that penetration of the tachyzoite into the host cell was accompanied by increases in the concentrations of phosphorus and sulfur in the host cell nucleus, probably due to increased transcription. The cytosol sodium concentrations decreased, while the potassium content increased. Thus, the subcellular element distribution of tachyzoites and host cells changes during invasion and intracellular growth of the parasites. In addition, our results indicate that tachyzoite calcium might be involved in the egress of the parasite from the host cell.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Enzyme-linked immunofiltration assay (ELIFA) for labeling transferred proteins is an interesting and powerful technique for the rapid specific detection (15 min) of proteins immobilized on nitrocellulose or nylon membranes (0.20 and 0.45 μm). ELIFA does not require fastidious handling of the membranes. Saturation, specific labeling and washing procedures are achieved by filtration, controlled by a monitoring unit which regulates the flow rate and ensures excellent specificity, repetition and reproducibility. The recycling by closed circuit or by repetetive inversion of the flow direction offers the advantage of reducing the volumes of expensive reagents while simultaneously increasing the sensitivity of the technique. The detection limit is at least as low as 1-5 ng using directly or indirectly enzymatically labelled probes. ELIFA may be extended to the identification of glycoproteins using specific ligands such as lectins or to the immunocapture of an antigen using specific antibodies immobilized on an activated membrane. ELIFA complements fast separation, by e.g., isoelectric focusing, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, or sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and accelerated electrotransfer to membranes with rapid detection reducing the total time for separation transfer and detection to less than 2 h.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Enzyme linked immunofiltration-assay ; Membrane ; Genomic amplification ; Active filtration ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We report the use of enzyme-linked immunofiltration-assay (ELIFA) for rapid detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA after transfer to nitrocellulose or nylon membranes. Saturation, specific labeling with a nonradioactive oligonucleotide probe and washing steps are included in an active filtration process, which is controled by microcomputer regulating reagent flow. This method provides excellent specificity, reproducibility and repeatability. Recycling in a closed circuit or by reversing the direction of flow provides the advantage of reducing the required volume of costly reagents (e.g. probes). ELIFA does not require lengthy membrane manipulation, and hybridization as well as stringency and revelation steps can be automated. The procedure can be carried out in less than 2 h, which is a major time saving compared to conventional solid-phase molecular hybridization techniques.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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