AcylCoA oxidase deficiency
Autosomal recessive inheritance
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Peroxisomes were visualized by cytochemical staining for catalase or/and electron microscopy in liver biopsies of two boys with childhood adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), and of two girls with autopsy confirmed neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD). In a third patient previously described as NALD, unusual organelles were seen which may be large abnormal microbodies. Enlarged peroxisomes (determined by morphometry) were also present in the livers of the other two NALD patients. In the ALD patient whose clinical disease was more severe, peroxisomes were larger than in the older ALD case. Catalase staining was diminished and markedly heterogeneous. Additional unusual features such as a separate population of tubular forms, contact with fat droplets, marginal plate and invaginations containing glycogen were seen in the neonatal cases. These data are compared to the enlarged or elongated peroxisomes and heterogeneous staining in the thiolase-deficient “pseudo-Zellweger” patient (Goldfischer et al. 1986) and in 2 siblings with acylCoA oxidase deficiency (Poll-Thé et al. 1986, 1988). Enlarged peroxisomes are a common feature in this group of patients with peroxisomal deficiency disorders, suggesting that increased size and lowered metabolic capacity are associated. Nevertheless a marked morphopathological heterogeneity of peroxisomes thus exists in syndromes described as NALD including previously published cases. Most likely this heterogeneity reflects different enzymatic deficiencies, as confirmed by the biochemical data available. Clinically similar syndromes cover divergent microscopical and enzymatic peroxisomal patterns, and naming of the disease should be adapted to reflect such data. Cytochemical studies are urged in every suspected patient.
Type of Medium: