molecular quantum similarity measures
quantitative structure-properties relationships (QSPR)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Since the dawn of quantitative structure-properties relationships (QSPR), empirical parameters related to structural, electronic and hydrophobic molecular properties have been used as molecular descriptors to determine such relationships. Among all these parameters, Hammett σ constants and the logarithm of the octanol- water partition coefficient, log P, have been massively employed in QSPR studies. In the present paper, a new molecular descriptor, based on quantum similarity measures (QSM), is proposed as a general substitute of these empirical parameters. This work continues previous analyses related to the use of QSM to QSPR, introducing molecular quantum self-similarity measures (MQS-SM) as a single working parameter in some cases. The use of MQS-SM as a molecular descriptor is first confirmed from the correlation with the aforementioned empirical parameters. The Hammett equation has been examined using MQS-SM for a series of substituted carboxylic acids. Then, for a series of aliphatic alcohols and acetic acid esters, log P values have been correlated with the self-similarity measure between density functions in water and octanol of a given molecule. And finally, some examples and applications of MQS-SM to determine QSAR are presented. In all studied cases MQS-SM appeared to be excellent molecular descriptors usable in general QSPR applications of chemical interest.
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