Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We describe four cases of actinomycotic intracavitary lung colonization and review the literature on the subject. Aspergillus fumigatus, A. niger, A. flavus, Pseudallescheria boydii are responsable for the majority of fungi intracavitary lung colonization (fungus ball). The similarities in clinical symptom (haemoptysis) and radiologic feature (pulmonary air meniscus) of fungus ball and actinomycotic intracavitary colonization prompted the investigation into a range of microorganisms, including Nocardia spp. [2–6] and Actinomyces spp. [1–5]. We report four cases of such actinomycotic syndrome, three of them in diabetic patients, and review briefly the literature.
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