Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary Waste mycelia from several industrial fermentation plants (Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum, Claviceps paspali) were used as a biosorbent for zinc ions from aqueous environments, both batchwise as well as in a column mode. With all mycelia testes, biosorption per biomass dry weight was a function of pH (increasing with increasing pH between 1.0 and 9.0), biomass concentration (decreasing at high biomass concentrations) and the zinc concentration. Under optimized conditions, A. niger and C. paspali were superior to P. chrysogenum. Treatment of A. niger biomass with NaOH further increased its biosorbent capacity. Desorption of biosorbed zinc was achieved by elution with 0.1 m HCl, best results being obtained with NaOH-treated A. niger. Such treatment did not affect the capacity for biosorption in repeated experiments. NaOH-treated A. niger mycelia were also successfully used in removal of zinc from polluted waters in Austria, thereby showing that the simultaneous presence of other naturally occurring ions does not affect biosorption.
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