poly(butylene terephthalate) and blends, orientation and mechanical properties of
blends of PBT and liquid crystalline copolyester, orientation and mechanical properties of
liquid crystalline polymers, properties of blends of conventional polymers with
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Blends of poly (butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and a liquid-crystalline copolyester (60 mol % poly(p-hydroxy benzoic acid)/40 mol % polyethylene terephthalate) (LCP) were prepared in the melt state. The investigation of mechanical properties indicated that, for the processing conditions used, neither the addition of up to 30 wt % LCP to PBT nor the cooling history affected significantly the tensile modulus E. For oriented specimens, a marked improvement of E was obtained for all the blends, and increased with the LCP content. This improvement was more marked for slowly cooled samples. X-ray diffraction was used to quantify the orientation of the crystalline PBT and liquid-crystalline LCP phases. It was shown that neither the thermal history nor the presence of up to 30 wt % LCP affected the orientation behavior of the PBT crystalline phase. For the LCP phase, measurements were not possible for concentrations lower than 10 wt %, and were more difficult and less precise than for PBT. Nevertheless, it was possible to show that a better orientation was obtained for the slowly cooled samples and for higher concentrations of LCP in the blends. This correlated with the enhancement of mechanical properties observed for the oriented samples.
Type of Medium: