Preprophase band of microtubules
Cell wall formation
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary InFunaria protonemata, preprophase bands (PPBs) of microtubules do not develop when the tip cell divides, when side branches are initiated or in intercalary regeneration divisions. We report here that PPBs do, however, develop when a tmema cell is formed. In the former cases, cell division is not coupled with an expansion of the mother cell wall at the site where the cell plate will attach. In the latter case, the mother cell wall ruptures at that site and the tmema cell elongates. This observation and the findings on presence and absence of the PPB in other cell types indicate a connection between PPB occurrence and mother cell wall expansion. They support the idea that the PPB might be involved in the local secretion of cell wall material. We extend this notion, suggesting that the microtubules of the PPB control the oriented deposition of a thin layer of cellulose microfibrils at the mother cell wall which supports the firm attachment of the cell plate when the mother cell wall expands.
Type of Medium: