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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-06-23
    Description: S-layers are regular two-dimensional semipermeable protein layers that constitute a major cell-wall component in archaea and many bacteria. The nanoscale repeat structure of the S-layer lattices and their self-assembly from S-layer proteins (SLPs) have sparked interest in their use as patterning and display scaffolds for a range of nano-biotechnological applications. Despite their biological abundance and the technological interest in them, structural information about SLPs is limited to truncated and assembly-negative proteins. Here we report the X-ray structure of the SbsB SLP of Geobacillus stearothermophilus PV72/p2 by the use of nanobody-aided crystallization. SbsB consists of a seven-domain protein, formed by an amino-terminal cell-wall attachment domain and six consecutive immunoglobulin-like domains, that organize into a phi-shaped disk-like monomeric crystallization unit stabilized by interdomain Ca(2+) ion coordination. A Ca(2+)-dependent switch to the condensed SbsB quaternary structure pre-positions intermolecular contact zones and renders the protein competent for S-layer assembly. On the basis of crystal packing, chemical crosslinking data and cryo-electron microscopy projections, we present a model for the molecular organization of this SLP into a porous protein sheet inside the S-layer. The SbsB lattice represents a previously undescribed structural model for protein assemblies and may advance our understanding of SLP physiology and self-assembly, as well as the rational design of engineered higher-order structures for biotechnology.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Baranova, Ekaterina -- Fronzes, Remi -- Garcia-Pino, Abel -- Van Gerven, Nani -- Papapostolou, David -- Pehau-Arnaudet, Gerard -- Pardon, Els -- Steyaert, Jan -- Howorka, Stefan -- Remaut, Han -- BB/E010466/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2012 Jul 5;487(7405):119-22. doi: 10.1038/nature11155.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Structural and Molecular Microbiology, VIB Department of Structural Biology, VIB, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22722836" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Bacterial Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Calcium/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology ; Cryoelectron Microscopy ; Crystallization/methods ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Geobacillus stearothermophilus/*chemistry ; Immunoglobulins/chemistry ; Membrane Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Dynamics Simulation ; Nanostructures/chemistry ; Polymerization/drug effects ; Protein Structure, Quaternary/drug effects ; Protein Structure, Tertiary/drug effects ; Solutions
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    Description: Contractile tails are composed of an inner tube wrapped by an outer sheath assembled in an extended, metastable conformation that stores mechanical energy necessary for its contraction. Contraction is used to propel the rigid inner tube towards target cells for DNA or toxin delivery. Although recent studies have revealed the structure of the contractile sheath of the type VI secretion system, the mechanisms by which its polymerization is controlled and coordinated with the assembly of the inner tube remain unknown. Here we show that the starfish-like TssA dodecameric complex interacts with tube and sheath components. Fluorescence microscopy experiments in enteroaggregative Escherichia coli reveal that TssA binds first to the type VI secretion system membrane core complex and then initiates tail polymerization. TssA remains at the tip of the growing structure and incorporates new tube and sheath blocks. On the basis of these results, we propose that TssA primes and coordinates tail tube and sheath biogenesis.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Durand, Eric -- Brunet, Yannick R -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Douzi, Badreddine -- Guzzo, Mathilde -- Flaugnatti, Nicolas -- Legrand, Pierre -- Journet, Laure -- Fronzes, Remi -- Mignot, Tam -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):59-63. doi: 10.1038/nature17182. Epub 2016 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Universite, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Laboratoire de Chimie Bacterienne, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, CNRS UMR7283, Aix-Marseille Universite, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; Synchrotron Soleil, L'Orme des merisiers, Saint-Aubin BP48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26909579" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Crystallography, X-Ray ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/ultrastructure ; Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron ; Microscopy, Fluorescence ; Models, Molecular ; *Polymerization ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Type VI Secretion Systems/chemistry/metabolism/ultrastructure
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-09-16
    Description: Curli are functional amyloid fibres that constitute the major protein component of the extracellular matrix in pellicle biofilms formed by Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria (predominantly of the alpha and gamma classes). They provide a fitness advantage in pathogenic strains and induce a strong pro-inflammatory response during bacteraemia. Curli formation requires a dedicated protein secretion machinery comprising the outer membrane lipoprotein CsgG and two soluble accessory proteins, CsgE and CsgF. Here we report the X-ray structure of Escherichia coli CsgG in a non-lipidated, soluble form as well as in its native membrane-extracted conformation. CsgG forms an oligomeric transport complex composed of nine anticodon-binding-domain-like units that give rise to a 36-stranded beta-barrel that traverses the bilayer and is connected to a cage-like vestibule in the periplasm. The transmembrane and periplasmic domains are separated by a 0.9-nm channel constriction composed of three stacked concentric phenylalanine, asparagine and tyrosine rings that may guide the extended polypeptide substrate through the secretion pore. The specificity factor CsgE forms a nonameric adaptor that binds and closes off the periplasmic face of the secretion channel, creating a 24,000 A(3) pre-constriction chamber. Our structural, functional and electrophysiological analyses imply that CsgG is an ungated, non-selective protein secretion channel that is expected to employ a diffusion-based, entropy-driven transport mechanism.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4268158/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4268158/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Goyal, Parveen -- Krasteva, Petya V -- Van Gerven, Nani -- Gubellini, Francesca -- Van den Broeck, Imke -- Troupiotis-Tsailaki, Anastassia -- Jonckheere, Wim -- Pehau-Arnaudet, Gerard -- Pinkner, Jerome S -- Chapman, Matthew R -- Hultgren, Scott J -- Howorka, Stefan -- Fronzes, Remi -- Remaut, Han -- R01 A1073847/PHS HHS/ -- R01 AI048689/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI073847/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI099099/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R56 AI073847/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Dec 11;516(7530):250-3. doi: 10.1038/nature13768. Epub 2014 Sep 14.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Structural and Molecular Microbiology, Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium [2] Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. ; 1] Unite G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Structure et Fonction des Membranes Biologiques (SFMB), Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; Department of Molecular Microbiology and Microbial Pathogenesis, Washington University in Saint Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110-1010, USA. ; Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1048, USA. ; Department of Chemistry, Institute for Structural and Molecular Biology, University College London, London WC1H 0AJ, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25219853" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amyloid/*secretion ; Biofilms ; Cell Membrane ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Diffusion ; Entropy ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry ; Escherichia coli Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Lipoproteins/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism ; Models, Biological ; Models, Molecular ; Periplasm/metabolism ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Transport
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-03-29
    Description: Bacterial type IV secretion systems translocate virulence factors into eukaryotic cells, distribute genetic material between bacteria and have shown potential as a tool for the genetic modification of human cells. Given the complex choreography of the substrate through the secretion apparatus, the molecular mechanism of the type IV secretion system has proved difficult to dissect in the absence of structural data for the entire machinery. Here we use electron microscopy to reconstruct the type IV secretion system encoded by the Escherichia coli R388 conjugative plasmid. We show that eight proteins assemble in an intricate stoichiometric relationship to form an approximately 3 megadalton nanomachine that spans the entire cell envelope. The structure comprises an outer membrane-associated core complex connected by a central stalk to a substantial inner membrane complex that is dominated by a battery of 12 VirB4 ATPase subunits organized as side-by-side hexameric barrels. Our results show a secretion system with markedly different architecture, and consequently mechanism, to other known bacterial secretion systems.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3998870/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3998870/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Low, Harry H -- Gubellini, Francesca -- Rivera-Calzada, Angel -- Braun, Nathalie -- Connery, Sarah -- Dujeancourt, Annick -- Lu, Fang -- Redzej, Adam -- Fronzes, Remi -- Orlova, Elena V -- Waksman, Gabriel -- 079605/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 098302/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- MR/K012401/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2014 Apr 24;508(7497):550-3. doi: 10.1038/nature13081. Epub 2014 Mar 9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, University College London and Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK [2] [3]. ; 1] Institut Pasteur, G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne and UMR 3528-CNRS, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2]. ; Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, University College London and Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. ; Institut Pasteur, G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne and UMR 3528-CNRS, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24670658" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphatases/chemistry/genetics/metabolism/ultrastructure ; *Bacterial Secretion Systems/genetics ; Cell Membrane/metabolism ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/cytology/genetics/*ultrastructure ; Escherichia coli Proteins/chemistry/isolation & ; purification/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Microscopy, Electron ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/chemistry/genetics/metabolism/ultrastructure
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2015-07-23
    Description: Bacteria share their ecological niches with other microbes. The bacterial type VI secretion system is one of the key players in microbial competition, as well as being an important virulence determinant during bacterial infections. It assembles a nano-crossbow-like structure in the cytoplasm of the attacker cell that propels an arrow made of a haemolysin co-regulated protein (Hcp) tube and a valine-glycine repeat protein G (VgrG) spike and punctures the prey's cell wall. The nano-crossbow is stably anchored to the cell envelope of the attacker by a membrane core complex. Here we show that this complex is assembled by the sequential addition of three type VI subunits (Tss)-TssJ, TssM and TssL-and present a structure of the fully assembled complex at 11.6 A resolution, determined by negative-stain electron microscopy. With overall C5 symmetry, this 1.7-megadalton complex comprises a large base in the cytoplasm. It extends in the periplasm via ten arches to form a double-ring structure containing the carboxy-terminal domain of TssM (TssMct) and TssJ that is anchored in the outer membrane. The crystal structure of the TssMct-TssJ complex coupled to whole-cell accessibility studies suggest that large conformational changes induce transient pore formation in the outer membrane, allowing passage of the attacking Hcp tube/VgrG spike.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Durand, Eric -- Nguyen, Van Son -- Zoued, Abdelrahim -- Logger, Laureen -- Pehau-Arnaudet, Gerard -- Aschtgen, Marie-Stephanie -- Spinelli, Silvia -- Desmyter, Aline -- Bardiaux, Benjamin -- Dujeancourt, Annick -- Roussel, Alain -- Cambillau, Christian -- Cascales, Eric -- Fronzes, Remi -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):555-60. doi: 10.1038/nature14667. Epub 2015 Jul 22.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France [2] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [3] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [4] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [5] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; 1] Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, UMR 7257, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France [2] AFMB, Aix-Marseille Universite, IHU Mediterranee Infection, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France. ; Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Systemes Macromoleculaires, Aix-Marseille Universite - CNRS, UMR 7255, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ; UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] Unite de Bioinformatique Structurale, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France. ; 1] G5 Biologie structurale de la secretion bacterienne, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France [2] UMR 3528, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26200339" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Bacterial Secretion Systems ; Cell Membrane/chemistry/metabolism ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Cytoplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli/*chemistry/metabolism ; Escherichia coli Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Lipopeptides/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Microscopy, Electron ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/*biosynthesis/*chemistry ; Periplasm/chemistry/metabolism ; Porosity ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Protein Subunits/biosynthesis/chemistry
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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