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  • 1
    Keywords: Bacteriology ; Agriculture ; Plant Biochemistry ; Enzymology ; Bacteriology ; Agriculture ; Plant Biochemistry ; Enzymology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Management of fungal diseases on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) crops in greenhouses using Bacillus subtilis -- 2. Bacillus species: A potential plant growth regulator -- 3. Bacilli in the Biocontrol of Mycotoxins -- 4. Bacillus subtilis and its effect on the post-harvest of fruit and flowers -- 5. Plant growth-promotion by ACC deaminase-producing Bacilli under salt stress conditions -- 6. Bacillus subtilis-mediated Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plant -- 7. Exploring the Utility of Aneurinibacillus as a Bioinoculant for Sustainable Crop Production and Environmental Applications -- 8. Phylogeny and Taxonomy of agriculturally important Bacillus species -- 9. Endophytic Bacillus species induced systemic resistance to plant diseases -- 10. Genomics and Post-genomics Approaches for Elucidating Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Growth Promoting Bacilli -- 11. Tapping the Potential of Metabolomics in New Natural Products Discovery from Bacillus Species -- 12. Genomic insights and comparative genomics of Bacillus species having diverse mechanisms of biocontrol against fungal phytopathogens -- 13. Bacillus species as biocontrol agents for fungal plant pathogens -- 14. Application Method and Efficacy of Bacillus spp in Mitigating Abiotic and Biotic Stresses and Enhancing Plant Performance -- 15. Bacillus thuringiensis-based Gene Pyramiding a way Forward for a Combined Horizontal and Vertical Resistance in Plant -- 16. Probiotic Bacilli in Sustainable Aquaculture
    Abstract: This book provides a comprehensive resource for researchers and students involved with studying the roles of Bacilli in sustainable crop production technologies. Chapters included in the book not only elaborate on beneficial traits of Bacilli, but also highlight utilization of these microbes for producing industrially important antibiotics, enzymes, probiotics and other useful biochemicals. Feeding ever increasing world population from shrinking arable acreage led to a synthetic input (fertilizer, growth regulator, pesticide etc.) based crop production system, which has been creating both environmental and health hazards and may also make the whole production system unsustainable. Researchers, food producers and consumers alike, now realize that this world needs effective, environmentally smart agricultural technologies that are safe for people use less synthetic inputs and protect natural resources. To overcome the challenge of increasing food production with a significant reduction of agrochemicals use, a great deal of interest and research have been devoted to beneficial microorganisms/biostimulants in recent days with noteworthy positive results. Bacillus based biopesticide together with other bio-rational approaches may play a critical role in helping all the key drivers of sustainable, environmentally responsible food production with enhanced food quality. Although multiple strains of Bacillus spp. showed promise to contribute to the sustainable agriculture by making nutrients available to plants, providing additional defense to adverse abiotic and biotic stresses, research on Bacillus based product formulation, rate and crop selection, optimization of application timing are urgently needed. As crop plants are more vulnerable to abiotic and biotic stresses at the seedling stage, optimization of application timing should aid in alleviating those stresses for the successful completion of life cycle of a plant
    Pages: VI, 335 p. 66 illus., 26 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9783030151751
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-8854
    Keywords: C23H20O2 ; diketone ; cis arrangement
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract 1,3,5-triphenyl-1,5-pentanedione, C23H20O2, has been prepared and characterized by spectroscopic methods and single crystal X-ray analysis. Crystals are monoclinic, space groupP21/n, a=28.124(4),b=5.997(1),c=10.434(1)Å, β-98.42(1)Å,Z=4. The structure has been refined to a finalR-value of 0.040 for 1625 reflections withF o〉3σ(F o). The compound contains the two carbonyl groups in a mutuallycis arrangement.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0008-6215
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Süddeutscher Kongress für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin; 62. Jahrestagung der Süddeutschen Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin gemeinsam mit der Süddeutschen Gesellschaft für Kinderchirurgie und dem Berufsverband der Kinder- und Jugendärzte e.V. - Landesverband Saarland; 20130503-20130505; Saarbrücken; DOC13sgkjFV11 /20130417/
    Publication Date: 2013-04-18
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
    Abstract: Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data. Cancer incidence was calculated by dividing mortality estimates through the modeled MI ratios. To calculate cancer prevalence, MI ratios were used to model survival. To calculate YLDs, prevalence estimates were multiplied by disability weights. The YLLs were estimated by multiplying age-specific cancer deaths by the reference life expectancy. DALYs were estimated as the sum of YLDs and YLLs. A sociodemographic index (SDI) was created for each location based on income per capita, educational attainment, and fertility. Countries were categorized by SDI quintiles to summarize results. Findings: In 2015, there were 17.5 million cancer cases worldwide and 8.7 million deaths. Between 2005 and 2015, cancer cases increased by 33%, with population aging contributing 16%, population growth 13%, and changes in age-specific rates contributing 4%. For men, the most common cancer globally was prostate cancer (1.6 million cases). Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths and DALYs in men (1.2 million deaths and 25.9 million DALYs). For women, the most common cancer was breast cancer (2.4 million cases). Breast cancer was also the leading cause of cancer deaths and DALYs for women (523000 deaths and 15.1 million DALYs). Overall, cancer caused 208.3 million DALYs worldwide in 2015 for both sexes combined. Between 2005 and 2015, age-standardized incidence rates for all cancers combined increased in 174 of 195 countries or territories. Age-standardized death rates (ASDRs) for all cancers combined decreased within that timeframe in 140 of 195 countries or territories. Countries with an increase in the ASDR due to all cancers were largely located on the African continent. Of all cancers, deaths between 2005 and 2015 decreased significantly for Hodgkin lymphoma (-6.1% [95% uncertainty interval (UI), -10.6% to -1.3%]). The number of deaths also decreased for esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, and chronic myeloid leukemia, although these results were not statistically significant. Conclusion and Relevance: As part of the epidemiological transition, cancer incidence is expected to increase in the future, further straining limited health care resources. Appropriate allocation of resources for cancer prevention, early diagnosis, and curative and palliative care requires detailed knowledge of the local burden of cancer. The GBD 2015 study results demonstrate that progress is possible in the war against cancer. However, the major findings also highlight an unmet need for cancer prevention efforts, including tobacco control, vaccination, and the promotion of physical activity and a healthy diet.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27918777
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  • 6
    Abstract: Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger. A composite indicator of income, education, and fertility was developed (Socio-demographic Index [SDI]) for each geographic unit and year, which evaluates the historical association between SDI and health loss. Findings: Global child and adolescent mortality decreased from 14.18 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI], 14.09 million to 14.28 million) deaths in 1990 to 7.26 million (95% UI, 7.14 million to 7.39 million) deaths in 2015, but progress has been unevenly distributed. Countries with a lower SDI had a larger proportion of mortality burden (75%) in 2015 than was the case in 1990 (61%). Most deaths in 2015 occurred in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Global trends were driven by reductions in mortality owing to infectious, nutritional, and neonatal disorders, which in the aggregate led to a relative increase in the importance of noncommunicable diseases and injuries in explaining global disease burden. The absolute burden of disability in children and adolescents increased 4.3% (95% UI, 3.1%-5.6%) from 1990 to 2015, with much of the increase owing to population growth and improved survival for children and adolescents to older ages. Other than infectious conditions, many top causes of disability are associated with long-term sequelae of conditions present at birth (eg, neonatal disorders, congenital birth defects, and hemoglobinopathies) and complications of a variety of infections and nutritional deficiencies. Anemia, developmental intellectual disability, hearing loss, epilepsy, and vision loss are important contributors to childhood disability that can arise from multiple causes. Maternal and reproductive health remains a key cause of disease burden in adolescent females, especially in lower-SDI countries. In low-SDI countries, mortality is the primary driver of health loss for children and adolescents, whereas disability predominates in higher-SDI locations; the specific pattern of epidemiological transition varies across diseases and injuries. Conclusions and Relevance: Consistent international attention and investment have led to sustained improvements in causes of health loss among children and adolescents in many countries, although progress has been uneven. The persistence of infectious diseases in some countries, coupled with ongoing epidemiologic transition to injuries and noncommunicable diseases, require all countries to carefully evaluate and implement appropriate strategies to maximize the health of their children and adolescents and for the international community to carefully consider which elements of child and adolescent health should be monitored.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28384795
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  • 7
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-10-26
    Description: Ahmed glaucoma valve implant appears to be a relatively useful drainage device in eyes with glaucoma secondary to Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). However, early postoperative choroidal and exudative retinal detachment may occur from a rapid expansion of the choroidal hemangioma with effusion of fluid into the suprachoroidal and subretinal spaces. We report the case of a ten-year-old boy who had SWS with choroidal haemangioma and secondary glaucoma. He had Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation on account of the secondary glaucoma which had been refractory to both conventional medical and surgical managements. He developed choroidal and exudative retinal detachment postoperatively. However, he responded to conservative treatment and further surgical management was not required.Ahmed glaucoma valve in the treatment of glaucoma secondary to SWS is useful, but the risk of choroidal effusion with exudative retinal detachment is still present. Surgeons should be alert to this likely complication and be prepared for prompt management.
    Keywords: Ahmed glaucoma valve ; Sturge-Weber syndrome ; choroidal hemangioma ; choroidal detachment ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: article
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-904X
    Keywords: muscarinic agonist ; oxadiazole ; radioligand binding ; azabicyclo[3.2.1]octanes ; organic synthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Radioligand binding affinities of seven muscarinic receptor ligands which possess an oxadiazole ring side chain have been determined in rat heart, rat brain, and m1- or m3-transfected CHO cell membrane preparations to determine the selectivity for subtypes of muscarinic receptor. The ratios of binding constants in brain membranes were measured as an indicator of potential agonist activity against [3H]QNB and [3H]Oxo-M. These muscarinic ligands did not discriminate the subtypes of muscarinic receptors. Six muscarinic ligands which have a 3-amino- or 3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl groups attached to the 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-2-ene or 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane head group show binding constants between 2.04 x 10−6 and 1.79 x 10−5 M in rat heart, rat brain, and m1- or m3-transfected CHO cell membrane preparations. 1-Methyl-2-[3-amino-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]piperidine shows low binding constants of approximately 10−4 M in rat heart and rat brain. (1R,5S)-2-[3-Amino-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]oct-2-ene [(1R,5S)-17] was the most active compound.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract The concentration of rare earths and other elements have been determined in the bed sediment samples of Karnafuli estuarine zone in the Bay of Bengal by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The samples and the standards soil-5, soil-7, coal fly ash and pond sediment were prepared and simultaneously irradiated for short and long time at the TRIGA Mark-II research reactor facility of Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka. The maximum themal neutron flux was of the order of 1013 n·cm−2·s−1. After irradiation the radioactivity of the product nuclides was measured by using a high resolution high purity germanium detector system. Analysis of γ-ray spectra and quantitative analysis of the elemental concentration were done via the software GANAAS, it has been possible to determine the concentration level of 27 elements including the rare earths La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy and Yb and uranium and thorium.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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