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  • 1
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The properties of small neutral and positively charged sodium clusters and the fragmentation dynamics of Na++4 are investigated using a simulation technique which combines classical molecular dynamics on the electronic Born–Oppenheimer ground-state potential surface with electronic structure calculations via the local spin-density functional method. Results for the optimal energies and structures of Nan and Na+n (n≤4) are in quantitative agreement with previous studies and experimental data. Fission of Na++4 on its ground state Born–Oppenheimer potential-energy surface, following sudden ionization of selected configurations of an Na+4 (or Na4) cluster, whose vibrational energy content corresponds to 300 K, is found to occur on a picosecond time scale. The preferred fission channel is found to be Na+3+Na+, with an interfragment relative translational kinetic energy of ∼2 eV, and a vibrationally excited Na+3. The dynamics of the fragmentation process is analyzed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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