Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The LYS5 and LYS2 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are required for the synthesis of α-aminoadipate reductase in the lysine pathway. The LYS5 gene, originally cloned as a DNA insert of the plasmid pSC5, has been subcloned on a 3.2 kb SphI-Sau3AI DNA fragment of the recombinant plasmid pSR7. An internal 2.1 kb HpaI-HpaI DNA fragment of the subclone, upon Southern hybridization, exhibits homology with HpaI-restricted wild-type S. cerevisiae genomic DNA. The lys5 + transformants exhibited α-aminoadipate reductase activity similar to that of wild-type cells. S1 nuclease analysis localizes the transcription initiation site relative to the detailed restriction map, and reveals the direction of transcription, as well as the transcript size of the LYS5 gene which can be no greater than 1.65 kb. From this it is estimated that the encoded polypeptide is appreciably smaller than the 4 kb LYS2 gene product. These results provide a physical and biochemical characterization of the cloned LYS5 gene. Based on these observations, it is concluded that the LYS5 gene encodes a relatively small polypeptide of the large heteropolymeric α-aminoadipate reductase.
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