AIP Digital Archive
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
The Advanced Photon Source (APS) has been in operational mode for more than 5 yr. Currently there are over 40 beamlines in various phases of operation. The control system of choice at the APS is the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS). We have provided various interfaces to the beamlines from the APS control system. An overview of the various systems will be discussed. The General Control System Information (GCSI) uses dedicated computers as EPICS process variable gateways to provide data from the APS control system to each beamline. The GCSI architecture makes the APS control system secure, yet has the flexibility of providing access control to any data available on the APS control system. In addition, the gateway reduces the load on the APS control system equipment by making only one connection for each process variable accessed by multiple users. Each sector, consisting of a bending magnet and insertion device beamlines, is provided its own gateway, which resides on the local sector network. This scheme has the advantage of providing network security and more reliable operation. To provide real-time accelerator data to beamlines, each sector has been provided a chassis to display the storage ring current and other relevant information. These data are transmitted via a direct fiber link from the APS control system hardware to the beamlines. The beamlines are also provided VME-based hardware and associated EPICS software to retrieve key information provided via this fiber link. Some of the information on this link is beam current, lifetime, injection status, and sector specific information such as shutter status, insertion device gap, and energy, and storage ring and front-end beam position monitor signals. The data rates on this link are typically 10 Hz but can be as high as 272 kHz. This scheme allows the beamlines using EPICS-based software to seamlessly use the data from the APS control system without excessively impacting the system. For high-precision x-ray timing experiments, a new scheme has been designed to distribute the radio-frequency timing signals to the beamlines. Using VME-based hardware and EPICS software, the bunch clock signal is generated at the beamline for use in timing experiments. Data are provided at the radio frequency of 352 MHz. Beamlines have also been provided with hardware and software to generate the bunch clock signal for timing experiments. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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