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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-7276
    Keywords: cell adhesion molecule ; cytolysis ; L1 ; monolayer invasion assay ; tumor necrosis factor-α
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The cell adhesion molecule (CAM) Ll is involved in homotypic and heterotypic adhesion between neural cells. It has recently also been identified on leucocytes. We have investigated the expression of L1 on hematopoietic tumor cell lines and found that several tumors including the ESb-MP lymphoma are positive for L1. A potential role for L1 in spontaneous metastasis formation was examined using these cells. From wild-type (wt) L1high lymphoma cells we selected by a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) stable L1low expression variants. Syngeneic DBA/2 mice injected subcutaneously with L1low clones showed faster primary tumor growth, developed visceral metastases significantly faster and died earlier than animals carrying L1high wt cells. L1high revertants from the L1low variants showed again a reduced metastatic capacity and a malignancy similar to the wt cells. Expression of L1 on the tumor variants and revertants correlated directly with their homotypic aggregation behaviour in vitro. L1 expression correlated negatively with metastatic capacity. These results suggest that L1 molecules may contribute to the overall malignant potential of the lymphoma cells, presumably by interfering with cell-cell interactions critical for tumor growth and dissemination.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7233
    Keywords: somatic hybridization ; metastasis ; tumor progression
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Somatic cell hybridization between nonmetastatic tumor cells and normal cells of the lymphoreticular system results in hybrid cells manifesting metastatic properties of defined target organ specificity. Thus, fusion of the nonmetastatic BALB/c originated NSI plasmacytoma with C57BL B lymphocytes resulted in hybridomas, each of which were metastatic. Of 10 hybridomas, 7 generated metastases in the spleen and liver, whereas 3 generated liver metastases. The generation of liver metastases by hybridomas which homed to both spleen and liver, but not by those which homed to the liver only, was controlled by the spleen. The acquisition of metastatic properties via somatic cell fusion seems to represent a general principle, in which the normal partner determines the target organ specificity for the metastatic growth. Thus, fusion of SP2/O myeloma cells with syngeneic B lymphocytes also resulted in a hybrid cell metastasizing to the spleen and liver, yet a somatic hybrid between NSI and a macrophage or dendritic-like cell metastasized to the lung. Cell surface molecules encoded by the genome of the normal partner was demonstrated to control the target organ specificity: antibodies against MHC-encoded antigens of the normal B cell partner prevented the generation of metastases by hybridomas metastasizing to the spleen and liver, but not by those metastasizing to the liver only. This is in accordance with the function of MHC molecules on lymphocytes in controlling their homing to lymphoid organs. Hybridomas of T cell lymphomas also manifested metastatic properties. Analysis of the cell surface Thy-1 antigens of a hybridoma (DCH10), produced via somatic fusion between BW5145 lymphoma and a putative macrophage cell indicated that cells of liver metastases (DCH10-Li) generated by the hybrid cells might have undergone further somatic cell fusion in vivo with host (T?) cells. These cells have acquired new metastatic properties, generating metastases in spleen, liver and kidneys. In fact, even the inoculation of the parental BW lymphoma cells resulted in a case of liver metastasis (BW-Li). Such BW-Li cells, upon reinoculation, also generated metastases in the spleen, liver and kidneys. Analysis of the Thyl phenotype indicated that BW-Li cells may also have undergone somatic cell fusion in vivo with host (T?) cells, resulting in the acquisition of metastatic properties. The pattern of cell-cell interactions (adhesion, infiltration) with liver cell monolayers of BW-Li cells and of DCH10-Li (T-cell lymphomas) was identical, and differed from cells of liver metastases of the myeloma-B cell hybridomas which might be based on responses to liver growth signals. Accordingly, the morphology of liver metastases generated by the two categories of hybridomas was different. It appears therefore, that (a) the acquisition of metastatic properties following somatic cell fusion with normal lymphoreticular cells is of a general significance; (b) somatic cell fusion provides an experimental system for the analysis of molecular properties determining the acquisition of metastatic capability; and (c) it may also represent a mechanism for tumor progression in vivo.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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