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  • 1
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: 99mTc-HM-PAO ; Brain tumors ; Radiotherapy ; Brain tumor perfusion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A preliminary study of the distribution of the 99mTc complex of hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HM-PAO) in 12 patients with brain neoplasms before, during, and after radiotherapy has been performed. Untreated brain tumors were found to exhibit a range of 99mTc-HM-PAO uptake, varying from areas of markedly increased isotope activity to photopenic areas, when compared to normal brain tissue. A ratio of 99mTc-HM-PAO tumor uptake to contralateral normal tissue uptake was calculated prior to and during radiotherapy. This ratio tended to return towards unity in lesions responding to therapy. A predictable alteration in whole brain 99mTc-HM-PAO uptake during radiotherapy was not demonstrated. Unlike the radiolabeled amines, 99mTc-HM-PAO localizes in primary tumors, probably indicating that its uptake mechanism is independent of non specific amine receptors. 99mTc-HM-PAO may be useful in the study of brain tumor physiology and response to therapy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: breast cancer ; tamoxifen ; interferon
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary It has been demonstrated, both in breast cancer cell lines and in metastatic breast cancer patients with cutaneous lesions that could be biopsied, that treatment with interferon beta (IFN-B) can increase expression of both estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR). To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of IFN and tamoxifen, 33 metastatic breast cancer patients were treated with the following regimen: IFN-B, 6.0 million units intramuscularly IU 3 times a week for two consecutive weeks followed by IFN-B 6.0 million IU im 3 times a week with concomitant tamoxifen 20 mg orally daily. Patients were pre and postmenopausal with median age of 60 years, median ECOG PS of 0, either ER positive or unknown, and had not received prior hormone therapy for metastatic disease. Overall objective response was observed in 9 (27%) patients. Complete response was observed in 2 cases and partial response in 7 patients. Median duration of response was 7 months (range 2–10). A higher response rate was observed in patients with predominantly soft tissue disease (38%) compared to patients with either dominant bone (18%) or visceral lesions (17%). Toxicity was mild and reversible: low grade fever in 30% of patients and flu-like symptoms in 9% of cases. It appears that IFN-B does not improve the efficacy of tamoxifen in an unselected population of metastatic breast cancer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: breast cancer ; comorbidity ; disability ; elderly ; formestane ; hormonal treatment
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Age is a major risk factor for solid tumors, including breast cancer. The majority of elderly breast cancer patients have oestrogen-dependent tumors, thus, tamoxifen is widely administered. However, it has been noted that tamoxifen-related thrombotic events are not exceptional. Due to the increasing prevalence of comorbidity, including vascular diseases, with age, such events are more frequently observed in the aged patients. Formestane, a selective steroidal aromatase inhibitor, may represent a therapeutic option after failure with tamoxifen, or in the presence of vascular diseases contraindicating its administration. The present report provides a new clinical experience on a consecutive series of 45 elderly breast cancer women affected by moderate to severe degree of comorbidity and disability measured by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) scale validated on oncological patients. Formestane was given intramuscularly at the dose of 250 mg every 2 weeks. The study included 31 patients who had metastatic disease, and 14 who received formestane as an adjuvant treatment. Median age was 74 years (range 65–93), with nine patients 〉 80 years. Median ECOG Performance Status (PS) was one. The more frequent comorbidities observed in our series were arthrosis-arthritis (64.4% of patients), hypertension (44.4%), vascular diseases (35.5%), CNS diseases (28.8%). Twenty percent of patients presented at least one dependency in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and 51.2% in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). The treatment was well tolerated – only two patients interrupted formestane because of minor adverse reaction at the injection site and generalised itching. In particular Formestane was not responsible for any worsening of pre-treatment comorbidities, especially hypertension and vascular diseases. Objective responses (OR) were observed in 11.1% of advanced patients, while the disease was stabilised in 51.8% subjects. Median duration of OR was 12 months; median overall survival was 11 months. Among patients receiving formestane as adjuvant treatment, three relapsed, with a time to failure (TTF) of 12 months. Formestane is effective and minimally toxic in an elderly breast cancer population with comorbidities and disabilities measured by CGA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words Elderly ; 5-Fluorouracil ; Colorectal cancer ; Toxicity ; Activity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To evaluate toxicity and efficacy of chemotherapy in elderly patients (≥65 years of age) with advanced colorectal cancer, data from two consecutive trials conducted between 1984 and 1995 at the National Institute for Cancer Research were analysed comparing the results of treatment in those 65 years of age or older and in those younger than 65 years. Of 215 patients recruited, 82 elderly patients (median age 70 years, median performance status 1) received one of the following regimens based on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU): (1) weekly 5-FU 600 mg/m2 i.v. bolus (30 patients); (2) weekly 5-FU 600 mg/m2 bolus plus leucovorin (LV) 500 mg/m2 2-h i.v. infusion (28 patients); (3) Weekly 5-FU 2600 mg/m2 24-h continuous i.v. infusion plus LV 100 mg 4-h i.v. infusion and 50 mg orally every 4 h for five doses (24 patients). Overall, 1071 chemotherapy cycles were administered with a median number of 12 courses per patient. The main side effects were diarrhoea, observed in 38% of patients, stomatitis in 24% of patients and hand-foot syndrome in 13% of patients, and haematological toxicity affected only 15% of patients. No patient suffered grade IV toxicity. In three patients chemotherapy was discontinued because of toxicity (two patients suffered grade III diarrhoea, one patient grade III hand-foot syndrome). No significant difference in toxicity was evident between patients older than or younger than 65 years. Analysis of median dose intensity demonstrated no difference between the two groups. Overall objective response was observed in 18% (95% confidence limits 11–29) of elderly patients (15/82) in comparison with 23% (95% CL 17–32) of patients 〈65 years of age (31/133 pts). In conclusion, chemotherapy in elderly patients with advanced colorectal cancer is a safe and effective treatment with acceptable toxicity and comparable objective response rates.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Annals of oncology 11 (2000), S. 223-230 
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: advanced breast cancer ; mitoxantrone ; fluorouracil ; leucovorin combination
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A phase II study to test the toxicity and the efficacy of a weekly combination of Mitoxantrone, 5-Fluorouracil and L-Leucovorin (MFL) was carried out in 43 patients with metastatic breast cancer. Chemotherapy consisted of mitoxantrone 4 mg/m2, 5-fluorouracil 375 mg/m2, and L-leucovorin 100 mg/m2 on day 1, weekly. Patient characteristics were: median age 53 years (range 36–65); estrogen receptor (ER) status was known in 26 patients and of these 15 (57.7%) patients were ER-positive and 11 (42.3%) ER-negative. Of the 43 patients, 25 (58.1%) and 18 (41.9%) patients had received prior adjuvant chemotherapy and prior adjuvant endocrine treatment, respectively. MFL was administered to 22 (51.1%) patients as first line chemotherapy for advanced disease, while 21 (48.9%) patients had received 1 to 2 cytotoxic regimens for metastatic disease. The dominant sites of metastases were: soft tissue in 11 (25.5%) patients, bone in 8 (18.6%) patients and viscera in 24 (55.9%). All patients were assessable for toxicity: only 8 patients experienced WHO grade 3 leukopenia. Thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, stomatitis, and nausea/vomiting were negligible. Anemia and alopecia were not observed. Thirty-nine patients were assessable for response: overall response rate was 28.2% (complete response 7.7% and partial response 20.5%). Median duration of response was 12 months (range 6–34). Patients with no prior anthracyclines had a 42.1% response rate compared to 15% in patients who had received anthracyclines. Median overall survival of the 43 patients was 6 months (range 1–34). Weekly MFL is a well-tolerated and a moderately effective regimen for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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