Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
1. Apolipoprotein B-100 (ApoB) is the principal structural and functional protein of the pro-atherogenic lipoproteins. Elevated plasma apoB is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. In the present study we aimed to assess the factors that determine the kinetics of apoB in the very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in healthy men.2. We studied 17 non-obese men who were consuming an ad libitum diet and had the following characteristics: mean (± SD) age 45.5 ± 9.7 years, body mass index (BMI) 25.1 ± 1.4 kg/m2, waist: hip ratio 0.91 ± 0.04, serum cholesterol 5.2 ± 0.6 mmol/L, triglycerides 1.08 ± 0.53 mmol/L and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol 1.24 ± 0.31 mmol/L. Daily dietary intake was as follows: total fat 76 ± 26 g, carbohydrate 238 ± 67 g, protein 103 ± 33 g and alcohol 20 ± 16 g.3. The kinetics of VLDL ApoB were studied using a primed, constant infusion (1 mg/kg per h) of l-[13C]-leucine over 8 h with measurement of isotopic enrichment of ApoB using gas chroma-tography/mass spectrometry. The fractional turnover rate of VLDL ApoB was estimated using a monoexponential function. The mean (± SD) absolute hepatic secretion rate (ASR) of ApoB was 8.5 ± 4.6 mg/kg per day and the fractional catabolic rate (FCR) was 7.9 ± 5.6 pools/day. The ASR was significantly correlated with the waist: hip ratio (r= 0.60; P= 0.04), but not with age, BMI, weight or nutrient intake. The FCR was significantly and inversely correlated with plasma triglycerides (r =—0.53; P= 0.03) and alcohol intake (r = -0.48; P= 0.05).4. In conclusion, the hepatic secretion of VLDL ApoB in non-obese, healthy men is primarily determined by the waist: hip ratio, a measure of visceral fat. This is consistent with the hypothesis that the rate of lipid substrate supply to the liver regulates the output of ApoB. The fractional catabolism of VLDL ApoB may, however, be inversely related to alcohol intake and appears to determine the plasma concentration of triglycerides.
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