plant SRP RNA
tomato signal recognition particle (SRP) RNA gene family
pol III genes
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The sequence variants of the signal recognition particle (SRP) RNA gene family from four tomato cultivars have been isolated and characterized which indicated the existance of SRP RNA pseudogenes. Sequence analysis revealed two conserved sequence motifs in the upstream region, a TATA-like box and an upstream sequence element (USE), ‘TCCCACATCG’, both located at a conserved distance to the transcription start point. These elements are identical to the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase III (pol III)-specific promoters of U-rich small nuclear RNA (UsnRNA) genes of plants. Moreover, T-rich stretches are found at the 3′ end of the coding regions of the SRP RNA genes which could act as typical pol III termination signals. These findings and recent results from site-directed mutation analysis of the SRP RNA genes from Arabidopsis thaliana indicate that, in contrast to mammalian systems, plant pol III SRP RNA genes are most probably regulated by external promoter elements. According to the identical promoter organization between plant U3-, U6snRNA, MRP-like RNA and SRP RNA genes, one can group these genes into the ‘pol IIIEXTUSE’ subclass of externally regulated USE-dependent pol III genes.
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